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77 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Liver is protected by
Costal arch
Inguinal ligament stretches from
Anterior superior iliac spine to pubic tubercle
Inguinal ligament serves as a division between
abdomen & lower extremity
Vertebral level of umbilicus
L3 or L4
Spinal cord level of umbilicus
T10
Umbilicus attached to the liver by:
Round ligament & falciform ligament
Umbilicus attached to the bladder by:
Urachus
Hypogastric region is really referring to:
Pelvis
Quadrants of the abdomen
RLQ
RUQ
LUQ
LLQ
Everything that passes into the thigh passes under
inguinal ligament
Liver found in what quadrant?
RUQ
Bladder found in what quadrant?
RLQ & LLQ
Ileum (majority) found in what quadrant?
LLQ
Gall bladder found in what quadrant?
RUQ
Transverse colon found in what quadrant?
RUQ & LUQ
Descending colon found in what quadrant?
LUQ, LLQ
Esophagus found in what quadrant?
LUQ
Ascending colon found in what quadrant?
RLQ & RUQ
Spleen found in what quadrant?
LUQ
Descending duodenum found in what quadrant?
RUQ
Head of the pancreas found in what quadrant?
RUQ
Terminal duodenum found in what quadrant?
LUQ
Sigmoid colon found in what quadrant?
LLQ
Ovary/ductus deferens found in what quadrant?
RLQ, LLQ
Appendix found in what quadrant?
RLQ
Stomach found in what quadrant?
LUQ
Kidneys found in what quadrant?
RUQ & LUQ
Cecum found in what quadrant?
RLQ
Body & tail of pancreas found in what quadrant?
LUQ
Terminal ileum found in what quadrant?
RLQ
Ileal cecal junction found in what quadrant?
RLQ
Major issues of the LLQ
Sigmoid colon, rectum
Major issues of the RLQ
Appendix, cecum
Layers of the abdominal wall
1.Skin
2.
--
--
3.
4.
1.Skin
2. Fascias
--Superficial fatty
--Membranous Scarpa
3. Abdominal muscles
4. Subserous fascia
5. Peritoneum
Which structure changes names based on what structure it is near?
Subserous fascia
Which layer secretes watery substance so the abdominal contents will not stick to wall?
Peritoneum
Which layer stops, not continuing over the perineum
Fatty layer
What creates the inguinal ligament
Edge of external abdominal oblique
What forms the median umbilical fold?
Uraches
What forms the medial umbilical fold?
Umbilical a.
What forms the lateral umbilical fold?
Inferior epigastric a.
The urachus is an extension of:
The bladder
Inferior epigastric a. supplies; is a branch of
Rectus abdominis; external iliac a.
-Supravesicular fossa between:
-Located above:
-Urachus & umbilical a.
-The bladder
Medial inguinal fossa between:
Umbilical a. & inferior epigastric a.
Lateral inguinal fossa:
Lateral to Inferior epigastric a.
Inguinal triangle boundaries
-Lateral
-Medial
-Inferior
-Inferior epigastric
-Semilunar line
-Inguinal ligament
Varicose veins created by:
Insufficient blood flow through the veins
Caput medusa caused by
portal hypertension
Semilunar line formed by
margin of fused rectus abdominus sheath
___ forms the anterior rectus sheath above arcuate line
EAO, 1/2 of IAO, peritoneum
____ forms the posterior rectus sheath below arcuate line
Peritoneum, transversalis fascia
____forms posterior rectus sheath above arcuate line
1/2 of IAO, transversus abdominus
Tendons of ___ & ____ make the conjoined tendon
IAO & TA
Fibers of _____ m. go to the spermatic cord as the _____ m.
IAO; cremaster
Deep inguinal ring made from
transversalis fascia
Layers of abdominal wall that continue to layers of spermatic cord (5)
1. Scarpa's fascia
2. EAO
3. IAO
4. Transversalis fascia
5. Peritoneum
Scarpas fascia -->
Dartos
EAO -->
External spermatic fascia
IAO -->
Cremasteric fascia
Transversalis fascia -->
Internal spermatic fascia
Peritoneum -->
Tunica vaginalis
Inguinal canal and rings are created by:
Passage of testicle through anterior abdominal wall
3 arches protecting spermatic cord: (Lateral to medial)
TA
IAO
EAO
Structural connection between testicle & scrotal wall
Gubernaculum
Forms the septa in the testis
Tunica albuginea
Appendix testis formed by
Remnant of efferent ductules
Tunica albuginea found:
Deep to vaginalis
Blue dot sign:
Twisted appendix testes
Most palpable structure in spermatic cord
Ductus deferens
Swelling of testicle, think
Tunica vaginalis or epididimus
Swelling of spermatic cord think
Pampiniform plexus varicocele
Varicocele in spermatic cord cause:
Incompetent valve in pampiniform plexus
Inguinal canal found:
Between deep & superficial inguinal rings
Best place for vasectomy
Where ductus deferens crosses the front of the pubic bone
Testicle lymph drains to:
Posterior abdominal wall, Para-aortic
Scrotum lymph drains to:
External iliac (inguinal) nodes