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92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
no infectious diseases
cancer
deficiency disease
degenerative disease
environmental
deficiency disease
missing a vitimin or mineral
anemia
hereditary disease
passed from parent to offispring
downs syndrom, Ceciflious
degenerative disease
when a body part wears down
heart disease, arthritis
environmental
asbestous
4 ways to get infectious diseases
air, water, food, and contact
food
botulism
water
puryify water to kill bacteria or add chlorine to kill pathogens
indirect contact
touching or using something that someone else uses later
pinkeye, colds, mono, hep B
direct contact
directly touching someoneanthrax
blood transfusion
aids, hepatitis B, Lyme disease, malaria
food
botulism
water
puryify water to kill bacteria or add chlorine to kill pathogens
indirect contact
touching or using something that someone else uses later
pinkeye, colds, mono, hep B
direct contact
directly touching someoneanthrax
blood transfusion
aids, hepatitis B, Lyme disease, malaria
vectors
organisms that carry a disease without getting it, can only carry one type of pathogen
anopheles
mosquito that cause malaria
aedes
mosquito that cause yellow fever
dog tick
cause Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Deer tick
cause lyme disease
rat flea
carry bubonic plague
rats eat garbage, cats killed-witches, increase fleas--> bubonic plague
tsetse fly
african sleeping sickness
human body lice
typhus fever
humans
TB and typhoid fever
pathogens
organisms that cause disease
virus
flu, polio, measles, catch them from other people
bacteria
food poisoning, strep infections, staph infection
protozoan
malaria
spirochetes
syphilis
fungus
athletes foot, ringworm
rickettsiae
Rocky Mountain Spotted fever
prions
mad cow disease, scrapie, misshpen protien, no nucleic acid
viroids
plant disease, single strand of nucleic acid
mycoplasmas
pneumonia
jenner
1796 1st vaccine, milk maids, cow pox, immune small pox, boy scratches, infected cow pox, infect small pox- immune
pasteur
2nd vaccine- small pox, 3rd vaccine- anthrax 14 rabbits, rabies, kill one a day, spinal cords, injected boy with rabies from least to greatest- survived
1967
WHC decided to get rid of small pox
1977
last case small pox
endemic
local disease
epidemic
many people have it
pandemic
many people around the world have the disease
D. iwanowski
ist to demonstarte how a virus works, clay filter, filtered plant juice, new plant got sick
Beijerinck
repeated D.'s work, called it virus "Poison"
Stnaley
1st to see virus, TMV Crystal, electron microscope
Slak
polio vaccine, killed virus, no comlete immunity, given by shot, booster
sabin
other polio vaccine, pral, less virulent strain, complete immunity,
2 ways viruses cause disease
killing cells, changin rate of mitosis
virus shapes
helical or polyhedral
lyse
burst
lyctic cycle
infection, penetration, replication, assembly, release
lysogenic cycle
latent period, duplication when host duplicates, stimulis activates cycle
outer body defenses
skin, hair, mucus, cilia, tears, aicd in stomach
skin
dead and waterproof
hair
nostrils, traps particles in air
mucus
in resperitory system traps particles
cilia
moves mucus to where it is swallowed
tears
wash, salt, lysozyme
acid in stomach
HCI, destroys pathogens
inner body defenses
liver, spleen, WBC, antibodies, lymph nodes
liver and spleem
filter blood
lysogenic cycle
latent period, duplication when host duplicates, stimulis activates cycle
outer body defenses
skin, hair, mucus, cilia, tears, aicd in stomach
skin
dead and waterproof
hair
nostrils, traps particles in air
mucus
in resperitory system traps particles
cilia
moves mucus to where it is swallowed
tears
wash, salt, lysozyme
acid in stomach
HCI, destroys pathogens
inner body defenses
liver, spleen, WBC, antibodies, lymph nodes
liver and spleem
filter blood
WBC's
phagocytes, eat pathogens
antibodies
produced in reponse to foreign substances- proteins
natural aquired passive
from om-0 tempory immunity
natural aquoired active
recovering form a disease making antibodies, permanant,
artificially aqquired passive
from serumcontains antibodies
artificially aqquired actigve
from vaccine
leeuwenhoek
1st microscop and plaque on teeth
pasteur
father of bacteriology, swan necked flask,
kock
developed the germ theory of infectious disease
petri
developed petri dish
filamentous
thread like
diplococci
two
staphylo
group
strepto
chain
sarcina
cube
tetrad
4
plasmid
nucleic acid in bacteria
saphrophytes
decomp.
things bacteria need
food, oxygen, temperature, moisture
controlling bacteri
drying, canning, salt, pasteurization,sterilization, UV sugar, radiation, BHT, fever
UV light 3 places
chem lab, barber shop, and grocery store