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73 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a compound released when you are scared and therefore gets you ready to fight or flee. (Also known as the “fight or flee gland”) Makes you more powerful and makes your muscles work better.
as you get older, your “repair crews” get less efficient because of aging. You can not fix the mistakes; it is a disease.
any of the various organic acids containing both an amino group and carboxyl group, especially any of the 20 or more compounds that link together to form proteins.
Amino Acids
a drug that gives you effects similar to the ones in PEA, such as that kick-up your heels, on-top-of-the-world feeling.
a localized, pathological, blood-filled dilatation of a blood vessel caused by a disease or weakening of the blood vessel’s wall.
can cause pits in your stomach
A star shaped structure formed in the cytoplasm of a cell and having ray like fibers that surrounded the centromere during mitosis; they connect the Centrioles to the cell membrane
G, A, C, T are the four bases that make up human DNA
Base pairs
Curve used to describe frequency of numbers
bell curve
Many different types, has your same carbohydrate flags because your own cells form the tumor, tumor is caused from messed up cells in your body that keep dividing (mitosis) and don’t stop.
controls the passage of substances in and out of the cell
cell membrane
one of a pair of cellular organelles especially in animals, are adjacent to the nucleus, function of the formation of the spindle apparatus during cell divion, and consist of a cylinder with nine microtubules arranged peripherally in a circle.
holds the 2 parts of the X chromosomes together.
too much of it will cause your lips to think that they don’t have to produce moisture glands because the job is already done for them.
takes away cancer and then put chemicals (you swallow) and the chemical kills any rapidly dividing cells but also normal ones sometimes.
contains small amounts of PEA, it gives warm, relaxed feeling and increases levels of dopamine in the brain
organelle that carries DNA
the division of cytoplasm in mitosis
a series of 3 letters in your genetic code
the half of DNA that protects the information
the process of which you freeze someone to preserve their body for future years. Supposedly it is said Walt Disney went through this process, but it's most likely false. This is because when you freeze something or someone, the body expands therefore causing their cell membranes to expand and burst. Then the body becomes mushy because the cell membranes burst and died which then the body cannot be brought back to life.
Cyrogenic freezing
the process of a cell in motion...the division of cytoplasm in Mitosis. (another word for cleavage)
the genetic code also known as the blueprint. This contains four bases: Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, and Cytosine.
the doubling of DNA and cells will have the same set of instructions in each.
DNA Replication
stimulates the production of oxytocins.
stored in the ovaries and are released once a month through a process called ovulation
during a long relationship, you feel as if you are getting off of morphine because the chemical isn’t being released anymore
Endomorphine withdrawal
Morphine like chemicals that your body releases when you are in love
any of numerous proteins or conjugated proteins produced by living organisms ad functioning as biochemical catalysts
a long, narrow, convoluted tube, part of the spermatic duct system, that lies on the posterior aspect of each testicle, connecting it to the vas deferens
internal membrane system in cells in which components of the cell membrane are assembled and some proteins are modified (two types)
 Rough- ribosomes on it
 Smooth- doesn’t have ribosomes
endoplasmic reticulum
human embryo after eight months of development
the state of being fertile, especially the ability to produce young. Being able to become pregnant
starting reproduction, when a sperm fuses with an egg to form a fertilized egg
cluster of cells surrounding a single egg in the human female reproductive system
follicle stimulated hormones – hormone that causes ovaries to ovulate
the period of time in which a woman is pregnant
the process by which a fertilized egg implants in the uterine lining
leutenizing hormone that helps control the menstrual cycle
cell organelle filled with enzymes that digest or breakdown lipids, carbs, and proteins.
division of cells that only happens in sex cells and reduces chromosome number in half.
cycle during which an egg develops and is released from an ovary and uterus is ready to receive a fertilized egg.
menstrual cycle
phase of menstrual cycle when lining of uterus, blood and egg is discharged.
the form of RNA that mediates transfer of genetic information from the cell nucleus to the ribosomes.
Messenger RNA
the half of the DNA that contains the genetic code
message strand
cell division in 5 phases. It is only technically concerned with dividing of the nucleus.
the usually paired female or hermaphroditic reproductive organ that produces ova and, in vertebrates, estrogen, and progesterone.
the eggs pops out of the surface of the ovaries; happens once a month.
the cuddle chemical; warm, fuzzy feeling comes from this chemical when released when you are around the person you are attracted to.
a naturally occurring trace ammine in the brain. The natural amphetamine and can cause similar simulation.
The male organ of copulation in higher vertebrates, homologous with the clitoris, it also serves as the male organ of urinary excretion.
a membranes vascular organ that develops in female mammals during pregnancy, lining the uterine wall and partially enveloping the fetus, to which it is attached by the umbilical chord. Following birth, the placenta is expelled.
when an egg is fertilized
any group of complex organic macromolecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and usually sulfur and are composed of one or more chains of amino acids. They are fundamental components of all living cells and include many substances, such as enzymes, hormones, and antibiotics, that are necessary for the proper function of an organism. They are essential in the diet of animals for the growth and repair of tissue and can be obtained from foods such as meat, fish, eggs, milk, and legumes.
a period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the reproductive system becomes fully functional.
black circular opening in the center of the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina.
using radiation to kill cells, usually during cancer treatment.
radiation therapy
the process of DNA doubling during mitosis, so both cells with have a set of information to function.
when two different sexes come together to produce another sex.
organelles that store protein
A chemical similar to DNA from which proteins are made.
the external pouch of skin that contains the testes of a male.
the new DNA
an inherited blood disorder characterized by defective hemoglobin.
sickle cell anemia
A male gamete or reproductive cell
An aggregate of microtubules that move chromosomes during cell division.
Spindle fibers
Exact correspondence of form and constituent configuration on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane or about a center or an axis.
One of a class of RNA molecules that transport amino acids to ribosomes for incorporation into a polypeptide undergoing synthesis.
Transfer RNA
of, relating to, or in the region of the uterus
Uterine Cilia
egg moves through this fluid-filled tube
uteran tube
tube that leads to outside of body through penis
a canal beyond the cervix that leads to outside of the body
fertilized egg