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101 Cards in this Set

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Adrenocoticoptropic hormone: stimulates adrenal cortex; secreted by the pictuitary
ACTH
Location on an enzyme where the chemical reaction occurs
Active Site
Requires the presence of oxygen
Aerobic
Terminal air sacs of lungs
Alveoli
Does not require the resence of oxygen
Anaerobic
Insertion of a balloon into an artery to widen opening
Angioplasty
Test to determine genetic defects in a fetus using amniotic fluid
Aminiocentesis
Any substance that can trigger an immune response
Antigen
Joint pain
Arthritis
Body's immune system attacks its own body tissue
Autoimmune disorder
Part of neuron that carries messages away from the cell body
Axon
Experimental drug used in AIDS therapy
AZT
Rod-shaped bacteria
Bacilli
Presence of bacteria in blood
Baeteremia
Rate at which a resting organism expends energy
Basal Metabolic Rate
Liquid secreted by liver that immulsifys fats
Bile
Bile pigment; responsible for Jaundice
Bilirubin
The place where all living systems are found on earth
Biosphere
Mass of chewed food ready to be swallowed
Bolus
Slowness of heart beat
Bradycardia
Fluid filled sac that cushions joints
Bulsa
Cancer causing agent
Carcinogen
The number of living things that can exist in an environment
Carrying Capacity
Wrote Silent Spring, which is about the overuse of pesticides
Carson
The basic unit of all living things
Cells
Forms cell walls in plants
Cellulose
Movement toward chemical stimulus
Chemotaxis
Removal of gall bladder
Cholecystectomy
Green pigment in plants that converts sunlight to energy
Chlorophyl
Computerized Axial Tomography
CAT scan
Another name for the large intestine
Colon
Present at birth
Congenital
Wrote Origin of the Species and The Descent of Man
Darwin
Trees that lose their leaves and become dormant in the winter
Deciduous
Part of neuron that carries messages to the cell body
Dendrite
Blood pressure during relaxation of left ventricle
Diastoloic BP
Neurotransmitter that is deficient in Parkinson's patients
Dopamine
Shape of the DNA molecule
Double helix
First section of the Small Intestine
Duodenum
Pregnancy outside of the womb
Ectopic pregnancy
Produce hormones
Endocrine glands
Moving blood clot
Embolus
Lining of the Uterus
Endrometrium
Selective breeding of humans
Eugenics
Soft spot on baby's head caused by gap between skull bones
Fontanelle
Upper part of the stomach
Fundus
Basic unit of heredity
Gene
Total number of genes available in a species
Gene pool
Manipulation of DNA molecules to produce new types of organisms
Genetic engineering
Filtering element in nephron
Glomerulus
Iron containing compound responsible for carrying oxygen
Hemoglobin
Low body temperature
Hypothermia
In a test tube
In vitro
In an animal
In vivo
Pancreatic area that contains beta cells
Islets of Langerhans
Yellowing of skin
Jaundice
Originated animal classification system; binomial nomenclature
Linnaeus
Fatty substance
Lipid
Cell division
Cytokenisis
3 types: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
Muscle
Survival and reproduction of the fittest organisms
Natural Selection
Tissue death
Necrosis
Conversion of atmospheric N into usable forms; done by bacteria
Nitrogen fixing
Cancer doctor
Oncologist
Widespread epidemic of disease
Pandemic
Test for cervix cancer
Pap smear
Salivary glands located above the jaw and in front of the ear
Parotid Glands
Cheif digestive enzyme of the stomach
Pepsin
Inflammation of the pericardium
Pericarditis
Wave of contraction in a tubular organ
Peristalsis
Positron Emission Tomography
PET scan
Pus producing
Pyogenic
Abnormal backflow of liquid
Reflux
Protective coat of eye
Sclera
3 Parts: Duodenum, jejunum, and ileum
Small intestine
Survival and reproduction of the fittest organisms
Natural Selection
Tissue death
Necrosis
Conversion of atmospheric N into usable forms; done by bacteria
Nitrogen fixing
Cancer doctor
Oncologist
Widespread epidemic of disease
Pandemic
Test for cervix cancer
Pap smear
Salivary glands located above the jaw and in front of the ear
Parotid Glands
Cheif digestive enzyme of the stomach
Pepsin
Inflammation of the pericardium
Pericarditis
Wave of contraction in a tubular organ
Peristalsis
Positron Emission Tomography
PET scan
Pus producing
Pyogenic
Abnormal backflow of liquid
Reflux
Protective coat of eye
Sclera
3 Parts: Duodenum, jejunum, and ileum
Small intestine
Spiral shaped bacteria
Spirilla
Mouth-like opening
Stoma
Gap between neurons
Synapse
BP during Contraction of left ventricle
Systolic Pressure
Rapid heart rate
Tachycardia
Stationary clot
Thrombus
Ringing in ears
Tinnitus
Air tube
Trachea
Navel
Umbilicus
Tube that carries unrine from kidney to bladder
Ureter
Transpots a pathogenic organism to a host
Vector