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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The greatest diversity of ANGIOSPERMS is found in...
rainforests
deserts
tundra
savannah
Rainforsest
angiosperms occue in _______ and most _________ habitats
terrestrial, freshwater
Monocots: sipohnostele
Dicots: atactostele
Lycopodium: eustele
m: atactostele
d: eustele
l: siphonostele
The STAMENS are the _______ parts of the plants which produce the yellow, dust like________
male, pollen
Plants with small or non-existent flowers are oftern pollinated by:
earth
fire
wind
water
wind
Mesophyll: outer layer
Epidermis: central tissue
Pith: Middle leaf
Mesophyll: Middle leaf
Epidermis: outer layer
Pith: central tissue
MONOCOTS have:
fibrous root system
one cotyledon
leaf veins parallel
floral parts in multiple of 3
all of the above
all of the above
give and example of an ANGIOSPERM
daisy
Dicots have:
-tap roots
-flower parts in mulitples of 4-5
-leaf veins in a netlike pattern
-first,second, and third choice
-none of the above
first, second, and third choice
All seed plants are _______sporous
Heterosporous
Label parts of flower
all on left to all on right:
-stigma
-style
-ovary
-petal
-anther
-filament
-sepal
ECTOMYCORRIZAE hypea:
-penetrate root cells
-extend between root cells
-replace root cells
-destroy root cells
extend between root cells
Define PLASMOGAMY
stage in the sexual reproduction of fungi
Fungi reproduce by:
-spores
-gameotophytes
-sporophytes
-fruting bodes
fruting bodies
Give an example of a CYANOBACTERIA that forms a symbiotic relationship with a fungus to form a lichen
Nostoc
Rhizopus: Yeast
Canadia Albicans: LSD
Ergot: Black bread mold
Rhizopus: black bread mold
Canadia Albicans: Yeast
Ergot: LSD
Give an example of a fungi you can safely eat
mushrooms
Ophiostoma ulmi: Camemebert =and brie cheese
Penicillum camemberti:
=powdery mildew
uniceinula necator: dutch
=elm disease
ophiostoma ulmi: dutch elm disease
penicillum camemberti: camembert and brie cheese
uncinula necator:powdery mildew
ENDOMYCORRHIZAE hypea:
-the fungi go between the root cells
-the fungi destroy the root cells
-the fungi penetrate the root cells
-none of the above
the fungi penetrate the root cells
define COMPOSITION
The breakin up of inorganic/organic matter and than re-used
lable the flower
stigma, style, ovary, petal, anther, stigman, sepal
phylum Cnidaria contains:
-sponges
-flatworns
-sea anemones
-mollusks
sea anemones
define PARAZOA
ancestoral subkingdom of animals, do not have tissues
class scyphozoa: "flower animals"
Class anthozoa: flukes
class trematoda: nematocysts
scyphozoa: nematocysts
anthozoa: Flower animals
trematoda: flukes
phylum platyhelminthes (flatworms) live in:
-marine
-freshwater
-damp soil
-all of the above
all of the above
Some ameobocytes secrete skeletal fibers that form needle-like SPICULES made of either ______ or ________
CaCO3 or silicia
Define DIPLOBLASTY
condition of the ovum where there are two primary germ layers :ectoderm and endoderm
parazoa includes only phylum porifea, what is the common name for the members of this phylum?
sponges
give and example of a colonial marine cnidarian (common name is acceptable)
obelia
diploblastic: asymmetric
parazoa: bilaterally symmetric
triploblastic: radially symmetric
diploblastic: radially
parazoa: asymmetric
triploblastic: bilaterally
Triploblastic organims have:
-endoderm
-ectoderm
-mesoderm
-all of the above
all of the above
Define OPEN CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
circulatory fluid in a cavity bathes the organs directly and there is no distinction between blood and interstitial fluid
an earthworms digestive tract is:
-linear
-curved
-zigzag
-not present
Linear
define RADULA and give an example of an organism w/ one
radula is the scientific name for the toothed chitinous ribbon in the mouth of gastropods
ex:snail
class olgochaeta:marine segmented worms
class polychaeta: leeches
class hirudinea: freshwater segmented worms
Oligochaeta- freshwater segmented worms
polychaeta- marine segmented worms
hirudinea-leeches
aquatic gastropods breathe air through their ______, but terrestrial species use the ________ cavity which acts like a lung
gills, mantle
which member of class cephalopoda has an external shell and is found only in the indo-pacific oceans?
nautili
class bivalvia: chitons
class cephalopoda: clams, oysters, mussels, scallops
class gastropoda: slugs and snails
class polyplacophora: squid, ocutpuses and nautli
bivalva: clams, oysters, mussels and scallops
chphalopodoa: squd, ocutpuses, and nautili
gastropoda: slugs and snails
polyplacophora: chitons
define CLOSED CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
meaning that the blood never leaves the system of blood vessels consisting of arteries, capillaries and veins. (
where are lugworms typically found?
high and low water lines on sandy shores
what are PARAPODIA and what organisms have them?
are paired, lateral appendages extending from the body segements, class of annelids---worms!)
name the 3 stages of the blue crab
1-zeoa
2-meolops
3-adult stage
true of false
Nematodes do not have a circulatory system
TRUE
do blue crabs undergo ecdysis (ecdysis is a form of metamorphosis in which an arthopod sheds the cuticle and becomes a larger version of iteslef)
YES
how many legs does a centipede have?
4 pairs (thousands)
True or false?
subphylum trilobita is not extinct
FALSE
is the horeshoe crab a member of subphylum crustacea?
NO
Do crayfish (also known as crawdads) live in freshwater or saltwater?
freshwater
are millipede venemous?
YES
give and example foa butterfly species
MONARCH
Give and example of a spider found in NC
black widow
someone who studies insects
entomologist
give and example of phylum echindermata
star fish
true of false?
Chordates have four distinguishing features 1-notochord 2-dorsal 3-hollow nerve chord 3- paryngeal slits, and a muscular, postanal tail
TRUE
give and example of a jawless veterbrat
hagfish
how many arms does class asteroidea (sea stars) have?
5
True or false? class opiuroidea (brittle stars) have 5 narrow arns and their tube feet have suckers
FALSE
what do sea cucumbers feed on??
Detritus
True or false? All lampreys are parasitc?
FALSE, all lampreys are NOT parasitic
true or false? hagfish protect themselves by producing vast quantaties of slime
TRUE
true or false? Sand dollars and sea urchins are related
TRUE
What is the common name of Amphioxus?
Lancet
What are eel skin wallets made out of?
hagfish