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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How to write a scientific name
1. Genus (designates the group the organism belongs to and is Capitalized)
2. Specific Epithet (kind of organism within a genus. It is lowercase)
3. should be written in italics or underlined
4. If used more than once first write out full name then can abbreviate by first letter of genus followed by species
ex. H. sapiens
Five kingdoms
1. monera (backteria and blue/green algae)
2. protista (protozoas, slime molds, etc)
3. fungi (fungi/mushrooms)
4. animalies (multicelled animals)
5. plantae (multicelled plants)
1. Bacteria (monera only)
2. Archae (monera only)
3. Eukarya (all kingdoms except monera)
basic units in metric system
1. meter (linear measurement)
2. liter (volume measurement)
3. gram (weight measurement)
1. kilo - k (X 1000 or 10^3)
2. hecto - h (X 100 or 10^2)
3. deca - dk (X 10 or 10^1)
4. BASE (1 or 10^0)
5. deci - d (/10 or 10^-1)
6. centi - c (/100 or 10^-2)
7. milli - m (/1000 or 10^-3)
8. micro - u (/1,000,000 or 10^-6)
water boils
human body temp
water freezes
room temp
boil - 100° C (212°F)
body temp - 37°C (98.6°F)
freeze - 0°C (32°F)
room temp - 23°C
Light in a microscope
low power usually requires much less light than high power objective.
Parts and functions of a microscope
1. eye piece - magnifying lens u look into (ocular)
2. objective lenses - interchangeable magnifying lenses
3. revolving nose piece - mounting for objective lens
4. condenser lens & diaphram - focuses light onto the slide, controls light intensity
5. mechanical stage adjusters - move the slide on the stage
6. coarse focus - to focus quickly, never used w/ high power
7. fine focus - to make small adjustments in focus
test for simple sugars
Benedict's test
test for starch
IKI test
test for proteins
Biuret Test