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137 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Who is Charles Darwin?
Father of Evolution
What is an adaptation, give example.
Evolution of a structure, behavior or eternal process that enables an organism to respont to environmental factors and live to produce offspring.
Vestigial structure
a structure in a present day organism that no longer serves its natural prupose, but was probably useful for an ancestor.
homologous structure
.
analogous structure
.
Helps an organism to blend into their surroundings for protection.
camouflage
An adaptation of an organism that copies a characteristic of another organisms that provides protection.
mimicry
A butterfly that has dots on its lower wings to give the appearance of a larger animal.
mimicry
A walking stick that looks like a tree branch and blends into the tree
camouflage
A frog that is not well seen due to the coloration of its skin.
camouflage
A populalation of organisms that interbreed and can produce offspring with the ability to reproduce.
Species
A process of change over time
evolution
Difference that exist among individuals in the same population
variation
A hypothesis that is support by evidence
theory
One girl has brown hair and blue eyes, and the other one has red hari and brown eyes.
variation
A group of tigers have 6 new cubs.
species
The horse species changes from having 4 toes to a hoove.
evolution
Darwin forms an idea based on all the data he has collected.
theory
Branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on studies of their different characteristics
Taxonomy
Grouping of objects or information based on similarities
Classification
List levels of classification in order from broad to specific.
King Phillip Came Over For Green Soup
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species
Who created teh taxa that are included in the levels of organization?
Laneas
How many parts to binomial nomenclature.
Two
What are the two parts to binomial nomenclature?
Genus and Species
What is the first part of the scientific name and how must it be written?
Second Part?
Upper case

Lower case
If they have th same class what other taxa do they have in common?
Phylum & Kingdom
What is the most specific taxa?
species
What is the most broad taxa?
Kingdom
True nucleus & membrane bound organells and multi-uni-cellular organisms
Eukaryotic
Lack internal membrane-bound structures.
Prokaryotic
Draw a picture of a moneran.
Flagella, nucleic acids, cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm.
.
Extra protective coating
Encospore
When does Encospore form.
When conditions are un-favorable.
Name the two kingdoms of bacteria.
Eubacteria & Archebacteria
What is the difference between the two kingdoms of bacteria?
.
Asexual reproduction in bacteria is
Binary fission
Sexual reproduction in bacteria is?
conjugation
Asexual reproduction, unicellular replicated cells dividing into 2 cells.
binary fission
Sexual reproduciton, exchanging genetic cell contact.
conjugation
Why are viruses considered nonliving?
Can not reporduce without host cells.
Define and explain the 2 cycles viruses replicate through.
Lytic Cycle &
Lysogenic Cycle
Reproducesand spreads by bursting out of the host cell repid / fast
Lytic Cycle
Dormat stage of virus - Slow
Lysogenic Cycle
What is a vaccination?
dead form of a virus or weekened form of bacteria.
Draw & label an ameba, euglena, and paramecium.
.
What structure(s) does an amoeba, paramecium and euglena use to move?
1. Pseudopod
2. Cilia
3. Flagella
All protists are
eukaryotic
What are 3 groups that protists are divided into.
Give example of each.
Protozoans - Animal Like
Alage - Plant Like
Molds - Fungus Like
Are fungus eukaryotic or prokaryotic.
eukaryotic
Are fungus hetrotrophs or autotrophs?
hetrotrophs
What are the cell walls of fungi made of?
Chitin (Kitun)
Howe is food obtained by fungi?
Decomposers - though absorption
Name examples of fungi:
Mushrooms
_____ is the largest part of the leaves used mostly for photosynthesis.
Blade
What process converts sund energy to food? (plants perform his process)
Photosynthesis
What plant organ acts to support and absorb water and nutrients?
Roots
What vascular tissue transports water and minerals?
xylem
What vascular tissue transports food
Phloem
What is the reporductive organ or a plant?
Flower
What are the pores for gas exchange called?
Stomata
What opens and closes thesthe pores for gas exchange.
Guard Cells
Define Annual
1 Year
Define Biennial
2 Year
Define Perinnial
1 Year Plus
The part the flower that provides protection while the flower is still a bud is called what?
Sepal
Sketch: Alternate leaf arrangement
.
Sketch: Simple Leaf and its parts
.
Sketch: Opposite leaf arrangement
.
Sketch: Compound Leaf
.
Sketch: Whorled leaf arrangement
.
Sketch: Parallel venation
.
Sketch: Palmate venation
.
Sketch: Tap root
.
Sketch: Fibrous root
.
What is the term given to animals without a backbone
invertebrates
List and define the three types of symmetry discussed in your Intro. To Animal Notes.
Radical
Asymmetry
Bilateral
Can be divided along any pland through its axis
Radical
Divided equally
Asymmetry
Can be divided down its length into right & left halves
Bilateral
What two structures are contained in the tentacle of a cnidarian that help it capture food?
Cnidocytes
Nermatocyst
What does an Annelid have on its external structure that the other worm phyla do not?
Segments
List three examples of a Mollusk
Snail, Slug, Squid
What is the difference between a closed and open circulatory system?
Closed: Veins

Open: Flows where ever
Give an example of a echinoderm.
Starfish
What is a characteristics of all arthropods?
Exoskeleton & Jointed appendages.
Is a grasshopper incomplete or complete metamorphosis.
Incomplete
Isa a butterfly incomplete or complete metamorphosis.
Complete
Name 2 examples of arthropods.
Crayfish and grasshopper.
What type of symmetry are found in jelly fish
Radical
What type of symmetry are found in flatworms
Bi-Lateral
Frogs have a tympanic membrane that
increases sound and heart
In the digestive system of a frog, where does food go after it leaves the mouth?
esophagus
Which structure does a fish have that is analogous to your lungs?
gills
Which structure does a fish have that allows a shark to feel vibrations of a struggling fish several hundred yards away?
Lateral line system
One way an ectotherm can warm is body is to
get in the sun
An animal that has a backbone can be classified in which phylum
bertabrate Phylum Cordata
Name an example of monotreeme
Duck Billed Platapus
Most marsupials are found in
Australia
The main advantage of hair is that it
extra protection threat
Fishes depend on their _____ for balance, steering, and swimming. These structures are fan-shaped membranes supported by stiff spines.
fins
The activity level of adult amphibians require more oxygen, which is supplied by a (n)
3 chambered heart and lungs
Fishes hav a ____ chambered heart.
2
A (n) ______ is the sheet of muscle located beneath the lungs that is used to expand and contract the chest cavity of mammals.
diaphra
Femal mammals have ________ that secrete milk, enabling them to nourish their young until the young are mature enough to find food.,
mammary glands
Class that has amnoitic eggs
Reptiles, Aves, Mammals
Class that has kidneys
All
Class that has scales
Fish, Reptiled, Aves
Class that contains animals that have a 4 chambered heart
reptiles, aves, mammals
Class that goes though complete metamorphosis
amphibians
Class that has hollow bones.
Aves
Class that has endoskeleton
ALL
Class that crocodiles belong to
Reptiles
Class that is ectothermic
Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles
Class that contins bats
mammals
Class that has sweat glands and mammary glands
mammals
Calss that has fins
fish, some mammals
Name the main organ of the Digestive System
Stomach
Name the main organ of the
Respiratory system
Wings
Name the main organ of the
Integumentary system
skin
Name the main organ of the
Endocrine system
hormones
Name the main organ of the
Immune system
Lymph
Name the main organ of the
Skeletal System
Bone
Name the main organ of the
Muscular System
Muscles
Name the main organ of the
Excretory System
Kidney
Name the main organ of the
Nervous System
Brain
Name the main organ of the
Circulatory System
Heart
Brings air into body so that blood can be oxygenated
Respiratory
Produces sex cells
Reproductive
Protects body from ultraviolet light
Integumentary
Transports oxygen, nutrients and wastes throughout the body.
circulatory
Protects vital organs in head and chest
skeletal
Carries cells that help the body fight diseases
Immune System
Produces hormones that are released in the blood to regulate the body
Endocrine
Ureter, kidney and urethra
excretary
Changes food into a form that cells can use
digestive
Moves body parts
muscular system
Spinal cord, brain, nerves, neurons
nervous system