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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anything that has mass and takes up space
matter
the amount of matter in an object
mass
the effect of gravity on the mass of an object
weight
the amount of space an object takes up
volume
matter that has a definite shape and volume
solid
matter that has no definite shape but has a definite volume
liquid
matter that has no definite shape nor volume
gas
the basic building block of matter
atom
the center of an atom
nucleus
a positively charged part of an atom
proton
a neutrally charged part of an atom
neutron
a negatively charged part of an atom
electron
area surrounding the necleus of the atom that contains the orbiting electrons
shell/orbital
equal to the number of protons in an atom
atomic number
sum of protons and neutrons
mass number
anything that has mass and takes up space
matter
the amount of matter in an object
mass
the effect of gravity on the mass of an object
weight
the amount of space an object takes up
volume
matter that has a definite shape and volume
solid
matter that has no definite shape but has a definite volume
liquid
matter that has no definite shape nor volume
gas
the basic building block of matter
atom
the center of an atom
nucleus
a positively charged part of an atom
proton
a neutrally charged part of an atom
neutron
a negatively charged part of an atom
electron
area surrounding the necleus of the atom that contains the orbiting electrons
shell/orbital
equal to the number of protons in an atom
atomic number
sum of protons and neutrons
mass number
a chart used to organize the elements
periodic elements
an atom that has the same number of protons; classified on periodic table by atomic number
element
smallest unit of most compounds
molecule
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals
chemical reaction
an atom that has a positive or negative charge
ion
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different from that of other atoms of the same element
isotope
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another
ionic bond
bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
covalent bond
material composed of two or more elements or compounds that are physically mixed together but not chemically combined
mixture
substance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution
solute
substance in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution
solvent
mixture or two or more substances in which the molecules of the substances are evenly distributed
solution
mixture of water and non-dissolved materials
suspension
a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspenstion
colloid
the measurement of how much solute is dissolved in a fixed amount of solvent
concentration
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements in definite proportions
compound
"gel-sol"
plasma