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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
cellular respiration
process by which cells make atp by breaking down organic compounds
glycolosis
another name for anaerobic respiration [does not require oxygen]

in which organic compounds are converted into pyruvic acid
NADH
electron carrier molecule produced in glycolysis
aerobic respiration
process in which oxygen present in the cell allows it to break down pyruvic acid and convert NADH into ATP
fermentation
combination of glycolosis and other anaerobic pathways which regenerate NAD+
lactic acid fermentation
when an enzyme converts pyruvic acid made in glycolysis into another three-carbon compound called lactic acid
alcoholic fermentation
process used by plant cells and unicellular organisms to convert pyruvic acid into ethyl alcohol
kilocalories
unit of energy that compares the amount of energy available in glucose with the amount of energy contained in the ATP from glycolysis
mitochondrial matrix
the space inside the inner membrane of a mitochondrian