Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/18

Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
autotrophs
organisms that use energy in organic substances to make organic compounds
photosynthesis
process by which most autotrophs convert light energy into chemical energy [organic compounds]
heterotrophs
organisms that must get energy from food instead of directly from sunlight or inorganic substances
biochemical pathway
series of chemical reactions in which the product of one reaction is consumed in the next
chloroplast
organelle in the cells of plants and algae that absorb light
thylakoids
system of membranes within the inner chloroplast membrane arranged as flattened sacs
grana
stacks of thylakoids
stroma
solution that surrounds the grana
pigments
compounds that absorb light
visible spectrum
array of colors ranging from red to violet
chlorophyll
pigment in the thylakoid membrane with types a b and c
chlorophyll a
type of chlorophyll directly involved in the light reactions of photosynthesis
chlorophyll b
assists chlorophyll a in capturing light energy
carotenoids
accesory pigments
photosystem
each cluster of pigment molecules and the proteins that they are embedded in
primary electron acceptor
the acceptor of electrons lost from chlorophyll a
electron transport chain
series of molecules located in the thylakoid membrane that transfer electrons
chemiosmosis
the synthesis of ATP