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18 Cards in this Set

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A series of membranes in a chloroplast within which solar energy is trapped
Thylakoid
Reactions in which light excites electrons and water splits into hydrogen and oxygen during photosynthesis
Light reactions
Chemical decomposition inducted by light generated energy
Photolysis
A series of substances along which electrons are transferred, releasing energy in the process.
Electron transport chain
The capacity for action or work
Energy
Stacked arrangements of thylakoid membranes within a chloroplast
Grana
The enzymatic breakdown of glucose with the formation of pyruvic acid and the formation of energy in the form of ATP energy.
Glycolysis
A molecule that stores useable energy, on which the cell is dependent for life.
ATP= adenosine triphosphate
Green pigment that traps light in chloroplasts
Chlorophyll
A molecule that contains two energy phosphate groups and is capable of bonding a third group to form stored energy of a cell
Adenosine diphosphate=ADP
A series of reactions that form simple sugars using carbon dioxide and hydrogen from water during photosynthesis
Calvin Cycle
A series of aerobic respiratory processes providing energy for storage in the form of high energy phosphate bonds.
Citric Acid Cycle
The supporting material that surrounds the grana in a chloroplast thylakoid
Stroma
The process by which certain yeasts decompose sugars in the absence of oxygen.
Alcoholic fermentation
The formation of lactic acid by fermentation in some bacteria, plants, and in most animals
Lactic acid fermentation
Respiratory process that requires oxygen.
Aerobic process
Respiratory process that takes place in the absence of oxygen
Anaerobic processes
The process by which food molecules in a cell are broken down to release energy.
Respiration