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25 Cards in this Set

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Photosynthesis
Process by which autotrophs such as algae and plants, trap energy from sunlight with chlorophyll and use this energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into simple sugars
Vascular Plant
Plants that have vascular tissue that enables taller growth and survival on land.
Non Vascular Plant
Plant that do not have vascular tissue.
Lichen
Organism formed from a symbiotic relationship between fungus
Leaf
Plant organism that grows from a stem in which photosynthesis usually occurs.
Root
Plant organism that absorbs water and mineral from soil
Stem
Plant organ that provides support and contains tissues that promote transport of food, water and other materials.
Fruit
Seed-containing ripened ovary of an anthophyte flower; may be fleshy or dry
Seed
Plant organ consisting of an embryo, food supply and a protective coat
Annual
Anthophyte that lives for one year or less
Binneal
Anthophyte that lives for two years
Perennial
Anthophyte that lives for several years
Petal
Leaf-like flower organ brightly colored at the top of the flower stem
Stigma
The receptive apex of the pistil of the flower on which pollen is deposited
Ovary
Bottom part of the flower's pistil that contains one or more ovules each containing one egg.
Style
The slender part of the pistil of a flower on which pollen is deposited at pollination
Pistil
Female reproductive organ of a flower
Stamen
Male reproductive organ of a flower consisting of an anther and a filament
Anther
Pollen producing structure located at the tip of a flower's stamen
Filament
The stalk that bears the anther in a stamen
Sepal
leaf like green structures that encircle top of a flower stem below the petals.
Photoperiodism
flowering plants response to differences in the length of day and night.
Grafting
to unite a shoot or bud with a growing plant by insertion or by placing by close contact.
Pollen
Structure in which the male gametophyte develops; consists of sperm cells, nutrients and a protective outer covering.
Hyphae
Thread like filaments that are the basic structural unit of multicellular fungi