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22 Cards in this Set

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Primate
Member of the mammalian order primates including prosimians, monkeys, apes, and humans, defined by a suite of anatomical and behavioral traits.
Evolution
a change in frequency of a gene or a trait in a population over multiple generatins
Biological Anthropology
the study of humans as biological organisms considered in an evolutionary framework, sometimes called physical anthropology
hominid
a member of the primate family hominidae, distinguished by bipedal posture and, in more recently evolved species large brains
adaptation
A trait that increases the reproductive success of an organism, produced by natural selection in the context of a particular enviroment
paleoanthropology
the study of the fossil record of ancestral humans and their primate kin
osteology
the study of the skeleton
paleopathology
the study of disease in ancestral human populations
forensic anthropology
the study of human remains applied to a legal context
primatology
the study of the nonhuman primates and their anatomy, genetics, behaviors and ecology
human biology
subfield of biological anthropology dealing with human growth and development, adaptation to environmental extremes and human genetics
Physical anthropology
the study of humans as biological organisms, considered in an evolutionary framework
anthropology
the study of humkankind in a cross-cultural context. Anthropology includes the subfields cultural, linguistic. archaeology, and biological
culture
the sum total of learned traditions, values, and beliefs that groups of people and a few species of highly intelligent animals possess
biocultural anthropology
the study of the interaction between biology and culture which plays a role in most human traits
Cultural Anthropology
The study of human societies, especially in a cross- cultural context; the subdivision of anthropology that includes ethnology, archeology and lingustics
ethnology
the study of human societies, their traditions, rituals, beliefs, and the differences between societies in there traits
ethnography
the practice of cultural anthropology. ethnographers study the minute to minute workings of human societies, especially non-Western societies
archaeology
the study of the material culture of past peoples
artifacts
The objects, from tools to art, left by earlier generations of people
material culture
the objects or artifacts of past human societies.
linguistics
the study of language, its origins, and use; also called anthropological linguistics