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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Lipids are
A heterogenous group of compounds which are insoluble in water and soluable in organic solvents
Lipids are hydrophobic and compartmentalized
What are the compartments
Membranes
Lipoproteins (vascular)
Storage droplets ( cellular )
1 of 3 types of Simple lipids are
Esters of fatty acids with alcohols
2 of 3 types of Simple lipids are
Fatty acids + glycerol --> fats
3 of 3 types of Simple lipids are
fatty acids +glycerol --> waxes
Complex lipids are
Ester of fatty acids with alcohols containing other groups
Complex lipids consist of
Fatty acids + alcohol + other groups
Phospholipids consist of
Fatty acids + glycerol + phosphoric acid --> glycerophospholipid
Phospholipids also consist of
Fatty acids +spingosine + phosphoric acid --> sphingophospholipid
Glycolipids (Glycosphingolipids)
Fatty acids + sphingosine + carbohydrate
Other complex lipids
Sulfolipids
aminolipids
lipoproteins
Precursor & derived lipids
Fatty acids, glycerol, steroids, and other alcohols, lipid soluble vitamins and hormones
Neutral lipids
acylglycerols, cholesterol, and cholesteryl esters
Lipid class
fatty acid
acylglycerol
phospholipid
sphingolipid
ketone body
polyisoprene
sterol
Digestion of lipids: Average intake of dietary fat in united states is
approximately 120 to 150 g/d
Lipids are
A heterogenous group of compounds which are insoluble in water and soluable in organic solvents
Lipids are hydrophobic and compartmentalized
What are the compartments
Membranes
Lipoproteins (vascular)
Storage droplets ( cellular )
1 of 3 types of Simple lipids are
Esters of fatty acids with alcohols
2 of 3 types of Simple lipids are
Fatty acids + glycerol --> fats
3 of 3 types of Simple lipids are
fatty acids +glycerol --> waxes
Complex lipids are
Ester of fatty acids with alcohols containing other groups
Complex lipids consist of
Fatty acids + alcohol + other groups
Phospholipids consist of
Fatty acids + glycerol + phosphoric acid --> glycerophospholipid
Phospholipids also consist of
Fatty acids +spingosine + phosphoric acid --> sphingophospholipid
Glycolipids (Glycosphingolipids)
Fatty acids + sphingosine + carbohydrate
Other complex lipids
Sulfolipids
aminolipids
lipoproteins
Precursor & derived lipids
Fatty acids, glycerol, steroids, and other alcohols, lipid soluble vitamins and hormones
Neutral lipids
acylglycerols, cholesterol, and cholesteryl esters
Lipid class
fatty acid
acylglycerol
phospholipid
sphingolipid
ketone body
polyisoprene
sterol
Digestion of lipids: Average intake of dietary fat in united states is
approximately 120 to 150 g/d