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41 Cards in this Set

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phylum that includes segmented worms (earthworms, leeches)
annelida
phylum that includes seed plants that form flowers
anthophyta
phylum that includes animals with jointed appendages and an exoskeleton
arthropoda
able to manufacture organic molecules form inorganic materials
autotrophic
rod-shaped bacterial cells
bacilli
phylum that includes non-vascular plants (mosses)
bryophyta
phylum that includes animals with a notochord, a dorsal nerve cord, and pharyngeal gill slits
chordata
process of sorting objects into categories for purposes of identification
classification
phylum that includes animals with specialized stinging cells used to capture food; hydra, jellyfish, and coral
cnidaria
spherical bacterial cells
cocci
internal body cavity in certain animal phyla
coelom
reproductive organ in conifers, consisting of specialized leaves that bear reporductive structures
cone
phylum that includes seed plants that form cones
coniferophyta
phylum that includes marine animals with 5 fold symmetry
echinodermata
cell that has membrane bound organelles (nucleum or mitochondria)
eukaryote
rigid outer covering of certain animals (arthropods and many molluscs)
exoskeleton
graphic representation of a classication procedure
flow chart
reproductive organ of anthophytes, consisting of specialized leaves for protection, pollinator attraction, and gamete production
flower
kingdom that includes multicellular eukaryotes that obtain organic molecules by absorption across the body surface
fungi
unable to manufacture organic molecules from inorganic materials; must obtain organic molecules by absorption or ingestion
heterotrophic
elongated, cylindrical cell type found in fungi
hypha
highest categoy in the hiearchy of biological classification
kingdom
tissue that secretes the shell in molluscs
mantle
phylum that includes soft-bodies animals with a mantle
mollusca
kingdom that includes all prokaryotic organisms (bacteria and blue-green algae)
monera
condition of an organism composed of several, interdependent cells
multicellular
mass of thread-like hyphae; forms body of a fungus
mycelium
rod-shaped structure that provides support in all chordates
notochord
taxonomic category that recognizes the major types of animals
phylum
phylum that includes flatworms (tapeworms and planaria)
platyhelminthes
phylum that includes sponges
porifera
cell that lacks membrane-bound organelles, though it does include organelles such as ribosomes
prokaryote
kingdom that includes mostly unicellular eukaryotes
protista
phylum that includes the seedless vascular plants
pterophyta
structure containing embryo and food source for developing plant
seed
fundamental unit of biological classification
species
spiral-shaped bacterial cells
spirila
reproductive cell, capable of producing new individual by itself
spore
spore-bearing structure found in various fungi
sporangium
branch of biology dealing with the names of organisms and their classification
taxonomy
specialized cells that provide structural support and internal transport in certain plants (tracheophytes)
vascular tissue