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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
conservation of energy
laws of thermodynamics:
not possible to create or destroy energy

everything that happens in nature increases entropy of universe
chemical bonds
special form of potential energy
ATP
energy currency of cell
nucleic acic
5c sugar, ribose
n base adenine,
phosphate group, ATP has 3
3 types of cellular work ATP creates
Mechanical
transport
chemical
enzyme
specialized protein that speeds up chem reactions by lowering activation energy
molecule an enzyme works on
substrate
special region of enzyme that has a shape and chemistry that fits with substrate molecule
active site
interaction between enzyme and its substrate
induced fit
cellular respiration
harvesting of chemical energy to form oraganic fuel molecules
C6H12O6 + 6CO2 yields 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATPs and heat
most common fuel molecule for cellular respiration
glucose
cellular respiration can produce up to _____ molecules of ATP per molecule of glucose
38
chem reactions that transfer electrons from one substance to another are called
oxidation - lose electrons, or
reduction - accept electrons
in _____ cells, photosynthesis occurs in the ______
eukariotic, chloroplasts
chloroplasts have an inner compartment filled with a thick fluid called ______
stroma
within the stroma are disklike membrane sacs called ______,they are in stacks called _____.
thylakoids, grana
photosynthesis reaction
6CO2 + 6H20 yields (with light/o2) C6H12O6 + 6CO2