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20 Cards in this Set

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Scientific Method
a process that outlines a series of steps used to answer questions.
It requires evidence.
There is no one set procedure, more like guidelines.
Hypothesis Based Science
test a suggested explanation for observations
Deductive Reasoning
general to specific
Inductive Reasoning
specific to general
Scientific Study
A procedure used to test a hypothesis through additional observations. Involves the following:

Observations
Question
Hypothesis
Prediction
Observations
Replication
Conclusions
Controlled Experiment
a procedure used to test a hypothesis using an Experiment Group and one or more Control Groups. Deduction of expectations occur.

Observations
Question
Hypothesis
Prediction
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Controlled Variables
Experiment Group
Control Group
Replication
Conclusions
Theory
A comprehensive conceptual framework that is well supported by evidence and is widely acceptedby the scientific community.
Law Or Principle
A theory that has been rigorously tested by many
Observations
begin with observing some phenomenon and record info
Question
pose a question related to the observations
Hypothesis
state an explanation for observations or an answer to the question
Prediction
predict the outcome of the study often using "If... then"
Observations
make additional observations and record
Replication
repeat the study
Conclusions
state that the data supports or doesnt the hypothesis.
Dependent Variable
what you measures
Independent Variable
what you vary during the experiment
Controlled Variable
all other variables are held consistant
Experiment Group
independent variable is altered to test the hypothesis
Control Group
a group to which the test is performed under the same conditions but no changes are made to the independent variable