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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Science of classification
taxonomy
two word name given to all living things
binomial
chemical that can kill bacteria but not viruses
antibiotic
round shaped bacterium
coccus
corkscrew bacteria
spirillum
rod shaped bacterium
bacillus
long, whiplike projection that propels some proazoans and bacteria
flagellum
short, hairlike projection used for movement in some protozoans
cilia
false foot of amoeba used to move and capture food
pseudopodia
disease causing
pathogenic
Protein coat of a virus
capsid
short bacterial projection used to attach a bacterium to its host
pilus
long chain of algae cells
filament
group of cells that work cooperatively
colony
One-celled
unicellular
A filament of a fungus body
hyphae
Mass of fungal hyphae
mycelium
Organism consisting of a fungus and an alga
lichen
Organism that breaks down the remains of once-living matter
decomposer
Stinging cells on the tentacles of some animals
cnidocytes
Symmetry in which arms or rays come out from a central axis
radial symmetry
Two-sided symmetry
bilateral symmetry
Lacking an organized body form
asymmetrical
Hairlike projections used by earthworms to move
setae
Fleshy foot-like projections use by sandworms to move
parapodia
The development of a head region with sense organs
cephalization
Means of getting food used by sessile animals such as sponges
filter feeding
Head region of a tapeworm
scolex
“ears” of planaria used to detect movement
auricles
Asexual reproduction in which a smaller animal develops and breaks off from the parent
budding
Free-floating jellyfish stage of cnidarians
medusa
Tube-like Hydra stage of cnidarians
polyp
Regrowth of a lost body part
regeneration
Having both male and female sex organs in the same body
hermaphroditic
Protein comprising the exoskeleton of arthropods
chitin
Outer protective covering of arthropods
exoskeleton
Rasping tongue of mollusks
radula
Young stage of an animal that does not resemble the parent
larva
Cocoon stage of an insect in which it transforms from a larva to an adult
pupa
Sieve-like disk on the top surface of a starfish
madreporite
System used by echinoderms for movement and capturing food
water vascular system
Eyes having many six-sided lenses
compound eyes
Tube used by mollusks for respiration and movement
siphon
Organs of respiration in water
gills
Opening to the breathing system of insects
spiracle
Gill cover of fish
operculum
Eardrum
tympanum
Opening to the lungs of frogs
glottis
Opening to the esophagus of frogs
gullet
Vocal structure used by birds to sing
syrinx
Born alive after development inside the mother’s body
viviparous
Hatched from an egg laid outside the mother’s body
oviparous
Egg is kept inside the mother’s body until hatching
ovoviviparous
Pouch of some mammals in which the baby develops after a short gestation period
marsupium
Sac in which the young of higher mammals develop before birth
placenta
Hatched out poorly developed
altricial
Hatched out well developed
precocial
Water-conducting tissue of plants
xylem
Food-conduction tissue of plants
phloem
Asexual reproductive cell
spore
Embryo plant and stored food
seed
Ripened ovary containing seeds
fruit
Protective parts surrounding and protecting the petals
sepal
Brightly-colored part of some flowers that help attract pollinators
petal
Female flower part
pistil
Male flower part
stamen
Gamete-producing stage of a plant’s life cycle
gametophyte
Spore-producing stage of a plant’s life cycle
sporophyte
Tissue that can conduct food and water in a plant
vascular tissue
Producing a new plant from the roots, stems, or leaves
vegatative propagation