Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The science of life, study of all living things
biology
study of plants and plant life
botany
study of animals and animal life
zoology
the study of microscopic life
microbiology
the study of cells
cytology
the study of the environment
ecology
micology
the study of fungus
the study of microscopic animal life
protozoology
basic unit of life
cell
organisms composed of only one cell
unicellular
organisms composed of many cells
multicellular
no nucleus as in bacteria
prokaryote
with a nucleus, all other cells
eukaryote
the stable level of the internal condition
homeostasis
instructions for the development of a single trait
genes
hereditary information from two organisms of the same species is combined
sexual reproduction
fertilized egg the contains hereditary information from both parents in sexual reproduction
zygote
no combination of information, one cell gives rise to 2, each with an identical copy of the instructions
asexual reproduction
the most important driving force of evolution
natural selection
organisms with __ traits are ____ able to successfully reproduce than those without those traits in the theory of _____ _______
favorable, better, natural selection
self feeders that make their own food, such as plants and some bacteria
autotrophs
other feeders that get their food from another source, includes all animals and fungi
heterotrophs
groups of cells
tissues
the sum of all chemical processes in organisms
metabolism
processes that makes smaller molecules together to make more complex ones, like photosynthesis
anabolism
processes that braks molecules down like cell resperation
catabolism
living things grow by...
cell division and cell enlargement
process by which adult organisms arise
development
experiment is supported by data- visual, verbal or mathematical
modeling
conclusions made on basis of facts or premises rather than direct observation
inferring
broad and comprehensive statement on what is thought to be true, supported by considerable evidence and may tie together several related hypotheses
theory
an instrument that produces an enlarged image of an object and to show details
microscope
the increase of an object's apparent size
magnification
the power to show details
resolution
used to view small objects and cells
compund light microscope
power of magnification is determined by multiplying the power of the ______ lens by the power of the ______
ocualr, objective
the electron microscope uses a ____of____ rather than light to produce an enlarged image of the specimen
beam of electrons
transmits beam of electrons through a thinly sliced specimen
transmission electron miscroscope (tem)
when the cells specialize and have a specific function
differentiation
through evolution when favorable traits replace unfavorable traits
descent with modification