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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
protein synthesis
complementary copy of a portion of dna to mRNA
dna to mrna
tRNA contains:
synthesis of a portion from a gene found in DNA steps:
transcription, translation, protein
final product
Codon is
a unit of 3 mrna bases that codes for a single amino acid
the structure of dna is
double helix
what is it known for
What is the backbone of a dna molecule
Who discovered the dna double helix structure
Watson and Crick
2 people
Hydrogen bonds are:
weak bonds that hold the complementary base pairs together in a dna double helix
a three letter codes that specifies the amino acid of a protein is a _____
product of transcription
a type of rna
contains the information which allows the ribosomes to connect amino acids in a precise order(protein formation)
dna isa product of:
____ must occur before reproduction can occur
dna replication
two words
what does trna carrie to the ribosome
amino acids
What does the double helix structure of dna allow it to do
replicate flawlessly
what doesnt play a role in dna replication
complementary base pairing
dna polymerase is:
the enzyme associated with dna replication
how many amino acids do codons code for?
What is a genome?
is all the genetic information contained in the complete set of chromosomes for a particular species.
what does translation use to synthesize a polypeptide?
the mrna made during transcription