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82 Cards in this Set

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phylum of red algae
phylum pyrrophyta
phylum of ciliates
phylum ciliophora
phylum of brown algae
phylum phaeophyta
phylum of amoeboids
phylum rhizopoda
phylum of green algae
phylum chlorophyta
Which of these is not a green alga:
a. volvox
b. fucus
c. spirogyra
d. chlamydomonas
e. ulva
b. fucus
Which is not a characteristic of brown algae?
a. multicellular
b. chlorophylls a and b
c. live along rocky coasts
d. harvested for commercial reasons
e. contain a brown pigment
b. chlorophylls a and b
In chylamydomonas,
a. the adult is a haploid
b. the zygospore survives times of stress
c. sexual repro occurs
d. asexual repro occurs
e. all of these are correct
e. all of these are correct
Which is found in Ulva but not in plants?
a. alternation of generations
b. generations look alike
c. sperm and egg are produced
d. protection of zygote
e. both b and c are correct
b. generations look alike
Which of these algae are not flagellated?
a. volvox
b. spirogyra
c. dinoflagellates
d. chlamydomonas
e. trypanosomes
b. spyrogyra
Which pair is mismatched?
a. diatoms-silica shell, boxlike, golden brown
b. euglenoids-flagella, pellicle, eyespot
c. fucus-adult is diploid, seaweed, chlorophylls a and c
d. paramecium- cilia, calcium carbonate shell, gullet
e. foraminiferan- test, pseudopod, digestive vacuole
d. paramecium- cilia, calcium carbonate shell, gullet
Which is a false statement?
a. Only heterotrophic and not photosynthetic protists are flagellated
b.among protozoans, sporozoans are symbiotic
c. among protists, the haploid cycle is common
d. ciliates exchange genetic material during conjugation
e. slime molds have an amoeboid stage
a. only heterotrophic and not photosynthetic protists are flagellated
Which pair is mismatched?
a. trypanosome- African sleeping sickness
b. plasmodium vivax- malaria
c. amoeboid- severe diarrhea
d. aids- giardia lamblia
e. dinoflagellates- coral
d. AIDS- giardia lamblia
Which is found in slime molds but not in fungi?
a. nonmotile spores
b. flagellated cells
c. zygote formation
d. photosynthesis
e. chitin in cell walls
b. flagellated cells
Which is a false statement?
a. slime molds and water molds are protists
b. there are flagellated algae and flagellated protozoans
c. among protists, some flagellates are photosynthetic
d. among protists, only green algae ever have a sexual life cycle
e. conjugation occurs among green algae
d. Among proists, only green algae ever have a sexual life cycle
Which pair is properly matched?
a. water mold-flagellate
b.trypanosome-protozoan
c.plasmodium vivax-mold
d. amoeboid-algae
b. trypanosome-protozoan
Which is an incorrect statement?
a. unicellular protists can be quite complex
b. euglenoids are motile but have chloroplasts
c. plasmodial slime molds are amoeboid but have sporangia
d. volvox is colonial but has a boxed shape
e. both b and d are correct
d. both b and d are correct
All are correct about brown algae except that they
a. range in size from small to large
b. are a type of seaweed
c. live on land
d. are photosynthetic
e. are usually multicellular
c. live on land
In the haploid life cycle (e.g. chlamydonomas)
a. meiosis occurs following zygote formation
b. the adult is diploid
c. fertilizaion is delayed beyond the diploid stage
d. the zygote produces sperm and eggs
a. meiosis occurs following zygote formation
Dinoflagellates
a. usually reproduce sexually
b. have protective cellulose plates
c. are insignificant producers of food and O2
d. have cilia instead of flagella
e. tend to be larger than brown algae
b. have protective cellulose plates
ciliates
a. move by psuedopods
b. are not as varied as other protists
c. have a gullet for food gathering
d. does not divide by binary fission
e. are closely related to the radiolarians
c. have a gullet for food gathering
phylum of club fungi
phylum basidiomycota
phylum zygospore fungi
phylum zygomycota
phylum sac fungi
phylum ascomycota
during asexual repro, the zygospore fungi produc
a. an acus
b. a basidium
c. a sporangium
d. a conidiospore
c. a sporangium
An organism that decomposes remains is most likely to use which mode of nutrition
a. parasitic
b. saprotrophic
c. ingestion
d. chemosynthesis
e. both a and b. are correct
b. saprotrophic
which feature is best associated with hyphae
a. strong impermeable walls
b. rapid growth
c. large surface area
d. pigmented cells
e. both b and c are correct
c. large surface area
a fungal spore
a. contains an embryonic organism
b. germinates directly into an organism
c. is always windblown
d. is most often diploid
e. both b and c are correct
e. both b and c are correct
the taxonomy of fungi is based on
a. sexual repro structures
b. shape of the sporocarp
c. mode of nutrition
d. type of cell wall
e. level of organization
a. sexual repro structures
in the life cycle of black bread mold, the zygospore
a. undergoes meiosis and produces zoospores
b. produces spores as a part of asexual repro
c. is a thick walled dormant stage
d. is equivalent to asci and basidia
e. all of these are correct
c. is a thick-walled dormant stage
in an ascocarp
a. there are fertile and sterile hyphae
b. hypahe fuse, forming the dikaryotic stage
c. a sperm fertilizes an egg
d. hyphae do not have chitinous walls
e. conidiospores form
a. there are fertile and sterile hyphae
in which fungus is the dikaryotic stage longer lasting
a. zygospore fungi
b. sac fungi
c. club fungi
d. fungal partner of a lichen
d. fungal partner of a lichen
conidiospores are formed
a. asexually at the tips of special hyphae
b. during sexual repro
c. by all gtypes of fungi except water molds
d. when it is windy and dry
e. as a way to survive a harsh climate
a. asexually at the tips of special hyphae
the asexual sac fungi are so called because
a. they have no zygospore
b. they cause diseases
c. they form conidiospores
d. sexual repro has not been observed
e. all of these are correct
d. sexual repro has not been observed
lichens
a. cannot reproduce
b. need a nitrogen source to live
c. are parasitic on trees
d. are able to live in extreme environments
d. are able to live in extreme environments
the multicellular individual in the life cycle of fungi
a. is always haploid
b. alternates between being haploid and being diploid
c. is always diploid
d. undergoes meiosis to produce spores
a. is always haploid
mycorrhize
a. are a type of lichen
b. are mutualistic relationships
c. help plants gather solar nrg
d. help plants gather inorganic nutrients
e. both b and d are correct
e. both b and d are correct
which statement is incorrect
a. some fungi are parasitic, especially on plants, and othera re mutualistic with plant roots and algae
b. the cell walls of fungi contin chitin
c. following nuclear fusion, zygotic meiosis occurs during the production of spores
d. lichens are in association between a fungus and a bacterium of or a protist
e. all of these statemtns are correct
d. lichens are in association between a fungus and a bacterium of or a protist
sybiotic relationships of fungi include
a. athletes foot
b. lichens
c. mycorrhizae
d. only b and c are correct
e. all three examples are correct
d. all three examples are correct
Which of these are characteristics of plants
e. all of these are correct
In bryophytes, sperm usually move from the antheridium to the archegonium by
a. swimming
Seedless vascular plants have
b. simple vascular tissue
The spore-bearing structure that gives rise to a female gametophyte is called
c. a megasporangium
A seedless vascular plant that resembles a tiny upright pine tree and has microphylls spirally arranged belongs to what phylum?
b. lycophyta
Trends in the evolution of plants include all of the following except
b. from less to more reliance on water for life cycle
Gymnosperms
e. reproduce by seeds
In the moss life cycle, the sporophyte
c. is the dominant generation
You are apt to find ferns in a moist location because they have
c. flagellated sperm
How are ferns different from mosses
e. both b and c are correct (vasc tiss and indep spor and gamet)
Which of these pairs is mismatched
d. seed-immature sporophyte
in the life cycle of the pine tree, the ovules are found on
b. seed cones
monocotyledonous plants often have
a. parallel leaf venation
Which of these pairs is mismatched
b. carpel-produces pollen
Which of these plants contributed the momst to our present-day supply of coal
b. seedless vascular plants
which of these is found in seed plants
e. all of these are correct
which of these is a seedless vascular plant
c. fern
which of these associations is incorrect
e. all of these are classified correctly
which of these is an incorrect contrast between monocots (stated first) and eudicots (stated second)
c. vascular bundles in a ring-vascular bundles scattered
which of thsee types of cell is most likely to divide
b. meristem
which of these cell in a plant is apt to be nonliving
c. schlerenchyma
root hairs are found in the zone of
c. maturation
cortex is found in
b. roots and stems
between the bark and the wood in a woody stem, there is a layer of meristem called
b. vascular cambium
which part of a leaf carries on most of the photosynthesis of a plant
b.mesophyll
annual rings are the number of
c. layers of xylem in a woody stem
the casparian strip is found
c. on four sides of endodermal cells
which of these is a stem
b. stolon of strawberry plants
meristem tissue that gives rise to epidermal tissue is called
d. protoderm
new plant cells originate from
e. the apical meristem
ground tissue does not include
d. chlorenchyma cells
evenly thickened cell thats function to support mature regions of a plant are called
d. schlerenchyma
roots
d. absorb water and nutrients
monocot stems have
c. scattered vascular bundles
secondary thickening of stems occurs in
c. many eudicots
all of these may be found in heartwood except
e. companion cells
how are compound leaves distinguished from simple leaves
a. compound leaves do not have axillary buds at the base of leaflets
which of these molecules is not a nutrient for plants
d. nitrogen gas
which is a component of soil
e. all of these are correct
the casparian strip affects
a. how water and minerals move into the vascular cylinder
which of these is not a mineral ion
CO2
what role do cohesion and adhesion play in xylem transport
d. they create a continuous water column in xylem
the pressure-flow model of phloeum transport states that
c. water flow brings sucrose from a source to a sink