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59 Cards in this Set

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A cappella
Singing without accompaniment
Accent
Emphasis on a note, word, or Phrase
Articulation
The way a sound is started and ended.
Attack
the beginning of a sound
breath
one cycle of inspiration/expiration
Chord
Two or more pitches sounding tgogether
Chromatic
Moving in half-steps
Compound meter
Meter that is made up of simple meters 2/4 + 3/4
Counting
Mentally breaking down a rhythm into divisions
diatonic
Moving within a key without changes
Diction
Correct and clear pronunciation of consonants
Dynamics
Relative loudness or softness
Embouchure
mouth position in brass and woodwinds
Harmony
the system of moving from chord to chord
Homophonic
a style where all parts have the same rhythm
Intonation
being in tune with accompaniment or others
Key-major
based on a scale of w/w/h/w/w/w/h steps
Key-minor
based on a scale of
w/h/w/w/h/w/w/ steps
Melody
pitches in sequence that form a pattern
Meter
the division of time into units
Phrase
Notes played or sung in one breath
Pitch
The highness or lowness of sound measured in Hz.
Placement
vocal term--where the sound is placed in the head
Polyphonic
where each part has an independent rhythm
Posture
sitting/standing correctly and efficiently
Pulse
feeling where the beat is
Release
How a sound is ended
Rhythm
how a sound is placed in time
Sacred
music that is written for spiritual or religious use
Secular
music that is written for entertainment
slur
playing a series of pitches without tonguing
solfege
Italian system of pitch and interval ear training
Tempo
the speed at which a regular pulse is repeated
Tone color/ Timbre
the relative brightness or darkness of a sound
Tongue
to start a sound with the tongue on reed or mouthpiece
Unison
everyone on the same pitch
accompaniment
A vocal or solo part that supports or is background for a solo part
Bar
a unit of music, such as 12-bar or 8-bar, denoting length.
Beat
a unit of measure in rhythmic time
Canon
a musical form in which melody is imitated exactly in one or more parts, similar to a round.
Chamber music
any music written for a chamber ensemble-a string quartet, a piano trio, a chamber orchestra, etc. Music for a soloist, or for soloist with accompanist, may or may not be chamber music.
Choral, choral
choral means of a choir; a choral work is a work for choir, and a chorus is a relatively large choir, or a group of singers
chord
three or more tones played simultaneously
compose
to create original music by organizing sound. Usually written down for others to perform.
composition
a single, complete piece of music, (also, piece and work.)
Concert
a program by a chamber ensemble, orchestra, band, or chorus; there are also rock, jazz, and pop concerts
Dynamics
variation and contrast in force or intensity
elements of music
melody, harmony, rhythm, and form and the expressive elements of dynamics, tempo, and timbre (tone color)
embellishment
notes that are added to ornament a melody (melodic embellishment) or rhythmic pattern (rhythmic embellishment)
Ensemble
any group of performers, but it is most commonly used for smaller groups. A large group would be referred to as an orchestra, chorus, or band
Form
the organiztion and structure of a composition, and the interrelationships of music events within the overall structure
Genre
a type of musical work such as choral, jazz, mariachi, etc.
Harmony
the simultaneous sounding of two or more tones of relative tone
Improvise
to spontaneously compose music
Theme
the main idea underlying the subject in a work of art
Trompe L' Oeil
French phrase meaning, "fool the eye". Trompe l'oeil artists paint images designed to trick people into thinking that they are real
Value
the measurement of light and darkness in a work of art
Watercolor
a type of paint made from a mixture of powdered pigments (colors) with a binder and water
Acrylics
quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water