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39 Cards in this Set

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A fault zone is a group of interconnected fualts.
A zone is bigger than
an epicenter, so it
covers more area.
the earthquakes that cause the most damage usually have a shallow focus.
The New Madrid, Missouri earthquake of 1812 resulted from movement along the San Andreas Fault.
SAN Andreas is by SAN Francisco
along the Calif. coast
Tsuanamis are seismic waves that travel through the earth's core.
T sunamis T idal waves like in
T hailand
Surface Waves are especially destructive when traveling through the earth's core.
seismic waves travel ON the earth's..
The San Andreas Fault zone has formed where the edge of the Pacific plate is slipping:
a. under the N. American plate
b. over the N. Ammerican plate
c. South along the N. American plate
d. North along the N. American plate
A. Under the N.Amer. plate
SAN Andreas in/by SAN Francisco
Information from how many seismographs is generally needed to lacate the Epicenter of an earthquake.
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
C. 3
P waves travel how many times faster than S waves

A. 0.17 B. 1.7 C. 17.0 D. 31.7
B. 1.7 times
During the Alaskan earthquake of 1964, most deaths were cause by

A. the collapse of buildings
B. A tsunami
C. vibration of the ground
D.Cracks formed in the earth
B. a tsunami
Alaska is mostly coastal land
Earthqaukes take place along faults in the earth 's________
Seismic waves that can penetrate the liquid part of the earth's core are called______
P-waves Primary waves are the strongest
P-waves P enetrate
The last waves to be recorded by a seismograph are the____
Surface waves
An earthquake starts in the earth and then works its way to the surface last
A major earthquake must have a magnitude of at least______
Series of smaller tremors that follow major earthquake zone called the____
To follow is to be AFTER (shock)
The Richter scale is used to express an earthquake's_____
MAG-nets have a lot of strength to pull/push
Meridians are circles around the earth parallel to the equator.
Meri (dians) has LONG (titude) hair

(long hair hangs down, longitudes go down)
Each degree of latitude is equal to 60 seconds of latitude.
It is measured in minutes,
not seconds
Landsat satellites are used by cartographers.
The Cart(tographer) sat on the land
On a topographical map, elevation is represented by contour lines.
The lines tell you the contours (elevation) of the mountains.
the distance represented by a degree of longitude is greatest at the equator.
The equator is the biggest part of the earth
The North Pole has a latitude of

A. O B. 45 C.90 D.180
C. 90
You can only go 90 north or south of the equator.
On a topographic map, contour lines that bend to form a V-shaped indicate

A. hilltop B. declination

C. cliff D. valley
D. valley
V s form V alleys
A city's location on the earth with respect to the prime meridian is given by the city's:

A.elevation B. declination
C. latitude D. longitude
D. Longitude
Meri (dians) has LONG (itude) hair

meridians are a starting point to measure longitude.
A southern city in the United States has a lititude of 33 51'53"N. The symbol 53" represents:

A. 53 seconds B.53 degrees
C. 53 minutes D. 53 miles
A. 53 seconds
just like reading time, the last thing read is the seconds, which is how we measure distance on a map.
The line of longitude that passes through Greenwhich, England, is called the :
Prime Meridian
the PRIME minister lives in England.
the angular distance north or south of the equator is called____
Like the SLAT on window blinds,
the LAT (itutudes)run horizontally north and south of the equator
On a topographical map, the difference in elevation between one contour line and the next is the ______
interval-time or space between
On maps, symbols for features such as cities and rivers are explained in the map's ____
a legend tells a story from a certain area (lochness monster) just like a map's legend tells you the legend "story" of the area on the map.
The only line of latitude that is a great circle is the ______
the equator is the great biggest circle
On a topographic map, depressions are marked with loops having short, straight lines called______
depression contours
lines on a map are contour lines and the short lines show a
depression-if you press down on playdo you will get a de press ion
Meteorology is the study of the earth's oceans.
meteors come from out of the air- atmosphere
so it is the study of the atmosphere
Most plastics are biodegradeable
plastics are made to last and withstand a lot.
A hypothesis may be based on facts established through experimentation.
In order for a theory to become a law, it must be proven correct every time it is tested.
Earth Science includes the study of oceans.
Which of the following is part of the biosphere?

A.the oceans B. the moon
C.the earth's core D.the sun
A. the ocean
bio-means life
the study of all life on earth and the environment that supports it.
Which is a meteorologist most likely to study?

A.Mountain formations B.marine life
C.rainfall trends D.meteroites
comes OUT OF the atmosphere/air
it is the study of what comes OUT OF the air (just like a meteor)
The field of science based on the study of the earth and of the universe around it is called_______
Earth Science
A scientist's possible explanation of a solution to a problem is called a ____