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4866 Cards in this Set

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h 1
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
n abash
embarrass
n abate
subside or moderate
abbreviate
shorten
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
n abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
n abeyance
suspended action
abhor
detest; hate
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
abjure
renounce upon oath
ablution
washing
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
abolish
cancel; put an end to
abominate
loathe; hate
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
abridge
condense or shorten
abrogate
abolish
n abscission
cutting off; separation
abscond
depart secretly and hide
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
absolve
pardon (an offense)
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
n abut
border upon; adjoin
abysmal
bottomless
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
accede
agree
accelerate
move faster
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
n acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
accomplice
partner in crime
accord
agreement
accost
approach and speak first to a person
n accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
n acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
n acetic
vinegary
n acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
acknowledge
recognize; admit
n acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
n acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
n acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
acrophobia
fear of heights
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
n actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
acute
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
n adage
wise saying; proverb
s proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
adamant
hard; inflexible
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
n addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
addiction
compulsive habitual need
n addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
adept
expert at; very skilled
adhere
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
adherent
supporter; follower
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
n adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
adorn
decorate
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
h 2
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
advent
arrival
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
adversary
opponent; enemy
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
n advert
refer
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
n aegis
shield; protection; defense
n aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
affected
artificial; pretended
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
affiliation
joining; associating with
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
affluence
abundance; wealth
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
n agape
openmouthed
n agenda
items of business at a meeting
n agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
agitate
stir up; disturb
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
n agog
highly excited; intensely curious
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
alchemy
medieval chemistry
n alcove
nook; recess
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
alimentary
supplying nourishment
n alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
allay
calm; pacify
allege
state without proof
allegiance
loyalty
n allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
alleviate
relieve (pain)
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
allure
entice; attract; tempt
s siren
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
n aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
n aloft
upward; high up in the air
altercation
noisy quarrel
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
n amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
n amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
n amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
amazon
female warrior
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
n ambrosia
food of the gods
s nectar
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
ambulatory
able to walk
ameliorate
improve
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
h 3
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
n amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
amnesia
loss of memory
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
n ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
n amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
n amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
n amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
n analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
s analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
analogous
comparable; similar
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
n anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
animated
lively; spirited
animosity
active enmity
n animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
annihilate
destroy
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
annuity
yearly allowance
annul
make void
s elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
n anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
anomaly
irregularity
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
antecede
precede
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
n anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
n anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
n antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
n anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
n ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
n aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
n apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
n apiary
a place where bees are kept
s hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
s apiculture
bee-keeping
s apiarist
person who keeps bees
n aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
s poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
n apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
n apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
n apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
n apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
n apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
n apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
h 4
n apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
n apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
appall
dismay; shock deeply
apparition
ghost; phantom
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
n appellation
name; title
append
attach
n application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
apposite
appropriate; fitting
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
n apprehensive
fearful; discerning
apprise
inform
approbation
approval
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
n appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
n apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
aptitude
fitness; talent
n aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
n arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
n arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
s arboreal
of or living in trees
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
n archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
n archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
n archipelago
group of closely located islands
n archives
public records; place where public records are kept
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
n arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
n argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
n arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
armada
fleet of warships
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
arraign
charge in court; indict
n array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
n arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
n arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
s artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
n artifice
deception; trickery
artisan
a manually skilled worker
n artless
without guile; open and honest
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
n ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
n asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
n askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
n askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
aspirant
seeker after position or status
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
assail
assault
n assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
n assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
assiduous
diligent
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
s regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
asteroid
small planet
n astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
h 5
n astral
relating to the stars
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
astronomical
enormously large or extensive
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
n asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
n atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
attenuate
make thin; weaken
attest
testify; bear witness
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
n atypical
not normal; not typical
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
augment
increase; add to
n augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
august
impressive; majestic
n aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
n auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
authenticate
prove genuine
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
avarice
greediness for wealth
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
aver
state confidently; declare as true
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
aversion
firm dislike
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
n avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
avow
declare openly; N. avowal
avuncular
of or like an uncle
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
s awful
terrible; very bad
n awl
pointed tool used for piercing
n awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
n azure
sky blue
n babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
n bacchanalian
drunken
s bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
s Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
n badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
n badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
baffle
frustrate; perplex
n bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
n baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
n balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
n ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
n balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
s pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
n balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
n bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
h 6
n bard
poet
n barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
s unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
n baroque
highly ornate
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
s solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
barterer
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
n bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
s luxuriate
take pleasure in great comfort
n bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
n bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
n bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
n bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
n beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
s bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
n beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
s mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
n bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
s finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
n bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
n beeline
direct quick route
n befuddle
confuse thoroughly
s fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
n begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
s grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
n beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
n behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
n beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
n behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
n belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
n belated
delayed
n beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
n belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
belittle
disparage; depreciate
bellicose
warlike
belligerent
quarrelsome
n bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
n bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
benediction
blessing
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
beneficent
kindly; doing good
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
n benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
benison
blessing
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
n berate
scold strongly
n bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
n bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
n bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
n berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
beseech
beg; plead with
n beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
s hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
n besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
n bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
bestow
confer
n betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
s token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
n betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
n betroth
become engaged to marry
n bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
bicker
quarrel
biennial
every two years
n bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
n bigotry
stubborn intolerance
s bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
s intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
n bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
n bilk
swindle; cheat
n billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
s billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
s swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
s surge
powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
n bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
n blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
n bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
n blandishment
flattery
n blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
s screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
s dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
n blas\'e
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
n blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
n blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
n bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
n blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
s blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
n blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
n bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
n blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
n bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
n bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
h 7
blunder
error; stupid mistake
n blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
n bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
s bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
bode
foreshadow; portend
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
n bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
n bolster
support; reinforce
n bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a
s dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
s gobble
eat very quickly
n bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
n bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
s bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
n boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
n boorish
rude; insensitive
s boor
rude, insensitive person
n bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
n bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
s gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
n bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
n brackish
somewhat saline
n braggadocio
boasting
s brag
boast
n braggart
boaster; bragger
n brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
n bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
s swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
n brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
s brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
s sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
n brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
s brawl
noisy quarrel
n breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
breadth
width; extent
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
n brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
s tawny
brownish yellow
n bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
s bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
n brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
n broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
n brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
brochure
pamphlet
n brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
s clasp
hold firmly within arms
n brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
n browbeat
bully; intimidate
n browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
s graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
s skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
n brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
n brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
n buccaneer
pirate
n bucolic
rustic; pastoral
n buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
s slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
n buffoonery
clowning
s buffoon
stupid person; clown
s clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
n bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
n bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
n bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
n bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
s botch
mismanage; blow
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
n burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
n burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
n burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
n buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
s prop
support placed under or against something; V.
n buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
s plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
n cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
cache
hiding place; V.
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
n cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
n cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
s coax
persuade by flattery
calamity
disaster; misery
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
n caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
n caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
n callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
s callus
area of thick hard skin
n callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
n calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
n camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
n cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
n canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
n candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
n canine
related to dogs; doglike
n canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
s ulcer
sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
n canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
n cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
n cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
n canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
h 8
n canto
division of a long poem
n canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
capacious
spacious
n capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
n capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
n capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
n captious
faultfinding; too critical
n carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
n carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
n carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
n carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
n cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
n careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
s career
rush wildly; go at full speed
s sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
caricature
distortion; burlesque
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
n carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
n carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
n carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
n cartographer
map-maker
cascade
small waterfall
n caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
s casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
n cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
n catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
s hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
n cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
catastrophe
calamity ; disaster
n catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
n catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
s qualify
reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
n catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
n caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
n caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
n cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
n cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
n cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
n cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
n cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
celerity
speed; rapidity
celestial
heavenly
s hereafter
life after death
s afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
n celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
n censorious
severely critical
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
centripetal
tending toward the center
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
n ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
s unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
n certitude
certainty
cessation
stoppage
n cession
yielding to another; ceding
n chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
n chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
n chaffing
bantering; joking
n chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
n chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
h 9
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
s championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
chaotic
in utter disorder
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
n charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
n chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
n chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
n chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
n chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
n chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
n checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
n cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
n chicanery
trickery; deception
n chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
n chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
n chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
s chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
n choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
n choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
s chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
n chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
s chuckle
laugh quietly
chronic
long established as a disease
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
n churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
n ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
circuitous
roundabout
s circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
n circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
n cistern
reservoir or water tank
citadel
fortress
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
s hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
n clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
clandestine
secret
s chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
n clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
n clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
s clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
n clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
n clavicle
collarbone
s scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
n cleft
N: split
n clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
s bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
n clientele
body of customers
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
n clime
climate
n clique
small exclusive group of people
cloister
monastery or convent
n clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
n coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
s clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
s pudding
hot sweet dish
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
n coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
n coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
n codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
n coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
n cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
cogent
convincing
cogitate
think over; ponder
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
n cohabit
live together
cohere
stick together
cohesion
tendency to keep together
n cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
n coiffure
hairstyle
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
n colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
h 10
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
n collage
work of art put together from fragments
s scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
s scraps
leftover food
s scrappy
quarrelsome
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
n collation
a light meal; collating
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
colossal
huge
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
n comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
s coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
s homely
not good-looking; unattractive
comestible
something fit to be eaten
n comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
s deserts
what someone deserves
n comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
s draft
first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
s draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
n commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
s commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
commodious
spacious and comfortable
n communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
s commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
s compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
s compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
s compulsive
resulting from compulsion
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
compensatory
making up for; repaying
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
s smug
self-satisfied; complacent
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
complementary
serving to complete something
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
compliant
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
component
element; ingredient
n comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
s deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
s bearing
deportment; connection
composure
mental calmness
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
comprise
include; consist of
n compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
compute
reckon; calculate
s reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
concatenate
link as in a chain
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
s vain
full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
concentric
having a common center
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
n concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
concise
brief and compact
n conclave
private secret meeting
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
concord
harmony; accord
s concordat
formal agreement
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
condiments
seasonings; spices
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
n confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
s confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
s confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
s confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
conflagration
great fire
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
n confound
confuse; puzzle
congeal
freeze; coagulate
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
congenital
existing at birth
h 11
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
s conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
n conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
s matrimony
state of being married
s patrimony
property inherited from a father
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
s consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
conservatory(conse