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56 Cards in this Set

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Escherichia
enterobactericeae; lactose fermenter
Klebsiella
enterobactericeae; lactose fermenter
Citrobacter
enterobactericeae; lactose fermenter
Enterobacter
enterobactericeae; lactose fermenter
Serratia
enterobactericeae; lactose fermenter
Proteus
enterobactericeae; non-lactose fermenter
Providencia
enterobactericeae; non-lactose fermenter
Morganella
enterobactericeae; non-lactose fermenter
Edwardsiella
enterobactericeae; non-lactose fermenter
Yersinia
enterobactericeae; non-lactose fermenter
Shigella
enterobactericeae; non-lactose fermenter
Salmonella
enterobactericeae; non-lactose fermenter
Pseudomonas
non-enteric; strict aerobe
Burkholderia
non-enteric; strict aerobe
Aeromonas
non-enteric; facultative anaerobe
Bacteroides
obligate anaerobe; gram negative rod
Prevotella
obligage anaerobe; gram negative rod
Porphyromonas
obligage anaerobe; gram negative rod
Fusobacterium
obligate anaerobe; gram negative rod
Dichelobacter
obligate anaerobe; gram negative rod
Peptostreptococcus
obligate anaerobe; gram positive cocci
Clostridium
obligate anaerobe; gram positive spore forming rods
C. perfringens
most common Clostridium species in soil
C. novyi
liver disease group; Clostridium
C. haemolyticum
liver disease group; Clostridium
C. chauvoei
muscle disease group; Clostridium
C. septicum
muscle disease group; Clostridium
C. tetani
nervous system disease; clostridium
C. botulinum
nervous system disease; clostridium
Actinomyces
Actinomycetales; gram + rods; some are strict anaerobes while others are aerobes; endogenous
Arcanobacterium pyogenes
aka Corynebacterium pyogenes or Actinomyces pyogenes; gram + rods and coccobaccilli (only Streptococcus that is a rod); facultative anaerobe
Nocardia asteroides
Actinomycetales; gram + rod; partially acid fast; aerobe; soil saprophyte
Dermatophilus congolensis
Actinomycetales; gram + coccoid cells with branching; aerobic; soil/plant/aquatic saprophyte
Streptomyces
Actinomycetales; not considered a veterinary pathogen; many abx are produced by species of Streptomyces
Mycobacterium
Actinomycetales; gram + rods and coccobacilli; acid fast; aerobe; saprophyte and commensal; waxy coat for intracellular survival
Borrelia
Spriochete; gram negative; smallest frequency of spirals
Leptospira
Spirochete; gram negative; highest frequency of spirals
Treponema
Spirochete; aka Brachyspira; gram negative; middle frequency of the 3 examples
Campylobacter
non-Spirochete; gram negative curved rod
Arcobacter
non-Spirochete; gram negative curved rod
Lawsonia intracellularis
non-Spirochete; gram negative curved rod
Helicobacter
non-Spirochete; gram negative curved rod
Bacillus
Aerobic gram + bacilli; large rods; produce endospores in O2; soil saprophyte
Corynebacterium
Aerobic gram + bacilli; club-shaped (coryneform); pleomorphic with small rods (coccobacilli);
Corynebacterium psuedotuberculosis
Aerobic gram + bacilli; facultative intracellular pathogen (FIP)
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
Aerobic gram + bacilli; feline infectious peritonitis (FIP); soil saprophyte
Listeria monocytogenes
Aerobic gram + bacilli; facultative intracellular; ubiquitous saprophyte
Rhodococcus equi
Aerobic gram + bacilli; soil saprophyte
Mycoplasm
non-haemotrophic Mollicutes; technically gram negative but stain poorly
Mollicutes
lack a rigid cell wall but have trilaminar outer membrane; extremely pleomorphic
M. hyopneumonia
non-haemotrophic Mollicutes; enzootic pig pneumonia; does not cross placenta
M. gallisepticum
non-haemotrophic Mollicutes; avian respiratory disease esp. in chickens and turkeys
M. synoviae
non-haemotrophic mollicutes; infectious synovitis in birds but starts as a respiratory infx
Ureaplasma
non-haemotrophic Mollicutes; causes pneumonia, abortions, and urogenital tract infx in cattle
M. haemocanis
haemotrophic Mollicutes; transferred by fleas and ticks
M. haemofelis, M. haemominutum
haemotrophic Mollicutes; feline infectious anema; transferred by fleas and ticks