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70 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A birth defect reducing the efficiency of the heart that can be treated by surgery
Hole in the heart
A common childhood disease involving sensitivity of the airways and a tendency to wheeze - often caused by allergens like house dust mite
Asthma
A disease, mainly affecting menopausal women, that causes the progressive demineralisation of bone
Osteoporosis
A drug that is used to reduce the risk of blood clot formation in people who are prone to them
Warfarin
A drug that prevents the immune system from working properly - used to reduce the risk of organ rejection following transplantation
Immunosuppressive drug
A general term describing a control loop where the increase or decrease in a variable acts to reduce the shift from the desired value
Negative feedback
A genetic condition that causes sticky mucus in the lungs and leaves sufferers very prone to infection
Cystic fibrosis
A hormone involved in the fight or flight response. Raises heart rate and shuts down blood supply to non-vital organs
Adrenaline
A human genetic abnormality where an embryo develops with three copies of chromosome 21
Down's syndrome
A measure of the electrical activity of the heart sensed using electrodes on the chest
Electrocardiograph
A mechanical device that can temporarily take over the function of the heart while a patient waits for a donor heart to become available
Heart assist device
A more primitive system where blood only passes through the heart once for each circuit of the body
Single circulatory system
A non-invasive way of imaging the heart using sound waves
Echocardiogram
A progressive an disabling lung disease caused by exposure to mineral fibres
Asbestosis
A way of checking that the growth of a child is normal
Average growth chart
A widely used immunosuppressive drug obtained from a fungus that has greatly improved the outcome of organ transplants
Cyclosporine
A woman who agrees to have a baby on behalf of an infertile woman
Surrogate
Abbreviation for electrocardiograph
ECG
An artificial portable device for supplying the heart with the electrical impulses it needs to maintain regular contractions
Pacemaker
An every day drug for treating aches and pains that is very useful in reducing blood clotting by inhibiting platelets
Aspirin
Antibodies that lead to cross-linking and clumping of red blood cells - causes problems in mismatched blood transfusions
Agglutinins
Apparatus for gaseous exchange in the fish
Gill
Artificially placing concentrated sperm high in the uterus to increase the chances of fertilisation taking place
Artificial insemination
Branch of medicine involving operations to treat disease
Surgery
Bringing egg and sperm together under controlled conditions in the laboratory to increase the likelihood of fertilisation
In-vitro fertilisation
Characteristic of warm-blooded animals, where blood passes through the heart twice for every complete circuit of the body
Double circulatory system
Complete replacement of a diseased heart with a healthy one obtained from a donor who has died of other causes
Heart transplant
Describes a joint between two bones that is bounded by a tough capsule and contains lubricating fluid
Synovial
Describes any condition affecting males or females that results in difficulty conceiving
Infertility
Device that can take over gas exchange and blood circulation for a short period during a major heart or heart and lung operation
Heart and lung machine
Device that causes breathing to continue even if a patient's breathing muscles are no longer functioning
Iron lung
Device used to measure breathing volumes and oxygen consumption rates
Spirometer
Drug used to prevent blood clotting during operations or medical procedures
Heparin
Energy-requiring process in the kidney where valuable substances such as glucose are taken back up from the urine
Selective reabsorption
Fluids that carries nitrogenous waste from the body in mammals
Urine
Genetic disease affecting the ability of the blood to clot
Haemophilia
Growth deficiency caused by a lack of hormones or an inability to respond to them
Dwarfism
Growth that is significantly greater than normal often caused by over production of growth hormone
Gi(g)antism
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland that regulates growth
Growth hormone
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland that regulates water reabsorption in the kidney
Antidiuretic hormone
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland that stimulates ripening of an egg in the ovary
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland that triggers ovulation
Luteinising hormone
Muscle between the ribs that help us to breath by regulating chest cavity volume
Intercostal muscles
Muscle that acts to extend the forearm
Triceps
Muscle that acts to raise forearm
Biceps
Muscles that work in pairs
Antagonistic muscles
Organ involved in urine production and regulation of water balance in the body
Kidney
Smooth connective tissue that lines joints and that is used as the foundation for bone
Cartilage
Surgery where a blood vessel from one part of the body is used to allow blood to flow round a blockage in a vessel supplying the heart muscle
Bypass
Taking a sample of foetal cells to check for genetic abnormalities or inherited diseases
Foetal screening
The air in the lung that cannot be exhaled
Residual air
The ball of capillaries that provide the basic filtration unit in the kidney
Glomerulus
The building blocks of proteins
Amino acids
The interface between two bones
Joint
The liquid portion of the blood left after it has clotted
Blood serum
The main biological pacemaker for the heart that starts the heart beat by sending an electrical impulse through the atria
Sino-atrial node
The maximum volume of air that can be exchanged with very deep breathing
Vital capacity
The peas-sized master control gland situated just under the hypothalamus in the brain
Pituitary gland
The process of bone mineralisation
Ossification
The process of detoxification in the kidney
Dialysis
The secondary pacemaker controlling the heart beat.
Atrio-ventricular node
The sequence of events, usually lasting 28 days, that regulates human female fertility
Menstrual cycle
The sequence of muscle contractions and relaxation that pumps the blood
Cardiac cycle
The structure that collects the filtrate in the kidney
Capsule
The volume of air exchanged each breath under normal resting circumstances
Tidal air
This long structure carries the filtrate from the capsule to the pelvis of the kidney where it is collected into the ureter
Tubule
Tough fibrous tissue that connects bones together in joints
Ligament
Very active organ involved in detoxification and production of urea
Liver
Way of sampling material from the womb to allow screening of the foetus for genetic abnormalities
Amniocentesis
What happens when a recipient's immune system recognises a transplanted organ as a foreign material
Rejection