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22 Cards in this Set

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Altarpiece
A panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar.
Cathedral
A bishop’s church
Crypt
A vaulted space under part of a building, wholly or partly underground; in churches, normally the portion under an apse or a chevet.
Diagonal rib
One of the ribs that forms the X of a groin vault
Fan vault
A vault characteristic of English Perpendicular
Gothic, in which radiating ribs form a fanlike pattern.
Flamboyant style
A Late Gothic style of architecture superseding the Rayonnant style and named for the flamelike appearance of its pointed bar tracery.
Flying buttress
Consisted typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or a series of arches and a solid buttress to which is transmits lateral thrust.
Gothic
Originally a derogatory term named after the Goths, used to describe the history, culture, and art of western Europe in the 12th to 14th centuries.
Lancet
In Gothic architecture, a tall narrow window ending in a pointed arch.
Moralized Bible
A heavily illustrated Bible, each page pairing paintings of Old and New Testament episodes with explanations of their moral significance.
Mullion
A vertical member that divides a window or that separates one window from another.
Oculus (pl. oculi)
A small round window in a Gothic cathedral.
Ogee arch
An arch made up of two double-curving lines meeting at a point.
Pietà
A painted or sculptured representation of the Virgin Mary mourning over the body of the dead Christ.
Pinnacle
In Gothic churches, a sharply pointed ornament capping the piers or flying buttresses; also used on church facades.
Tracery
Ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place, characteristic of Gothic cathedrals. In plate tracery the glass fills only the “punched holes” in the heavy ornamental stonework. In bar tracery, the stained glass windows fill almost the entire opening, and the stonework is unobtrusive.
Quatrefoil
A shape or plan in which the parts assume the form of a clover-leaf.
Rayonnant
“radiant” style of Gothic architecture, dominant in the second half of the 13th century and associated with the French royal court of Louis IX at Paris.
Decorated style
Gothic style in which piers, walls, and vault elements become increasingly complex and decorative during the 14th century.
Perpendicular style
Gothic style that involves pronounced verticality of its decorative details.
Rose window / rosette
A circular stained-glass window.
Triforium
In a Gothic cathedral, the blind arcaded gallery below the clerestory; occasionally the arcades are filled with stained glass.