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25 Cards in this Set

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atélier
the studio or workshop of a master artist or craftsperson, often including junior associates and apprentices
naturalism
a style of depiction that seekd to imitate the appearance of nature. A naturalistic work appears to record the visable world.
realism
designates a kind of naturalism with a social or political message which soon lost its didactic import and became synonomous with naturalism
foreground
within the depicted space of an artwork, the area that is closest to the picture plane
middle ground
within the depicted space of an artwork, the area that takes up the middle distance of the artwork
background
within the depicted space of the artwork, the area of the image at the greatest distance from the picture plane
camera obscura
an early cameralike device used in the Renaissance and later for recording images of nature. Make from a dark box or room with a hole on one side (sometimes fitted with a lens), operates when bright light shines through the hole, casting an upside down image of an object outside onto the inside wall of the box
daguerreotype
an early photographic process that make a positive print on a light sensitized copperplate; invented and marketed by Louis-Jaques-Mandé Daguerre
calotype
the first photographic process utilizing negatives and paper positives, invented by William Henry Fox Talbot in the late 1830s
avant-garde / vanguard
derived from the french military term meaning "before the group" or "vanguard"; Avant garde denotes those artist or concepts of a strikingly new, experimental, or radical nature for the time
pastel
dry pigment, chalk, and gum in stick or crayon form. Also a work made in pastels
watercolor
a type of painting using water soluble pigments that are floated in a water medium to make a transparent paint; the technique of watercolor is most suited to a paper support.
intaglio
term used for a technique in which the design is carved out of the surface of an object, such as an engraved seal stone. In the graphic arts, intaglio includes engraving, etching and drypoint-- all processes which ink transfers to paper from incised, ink-filled lines cut into a metal plate
drypoint
an intaglio printmaking process bu which metal (usually copper) plate is directly inscribed with a pointed instrument (stylus) The reseulting design of the scratched lines is inked wiped and printed. Also: the print made by this process
engraving
an intaglio printmaking process of inscribing an image, design or letters onto a metal or wood surface from which a print is made. An engraving is usually drawn with a sharp implement (burin) directly onto the surface of the plate. Also: the print made from this process.
aquatint
a type of intaglio printmaking developed in the 18th century that produces an area of even tone without laborious cross hatching. The aquatint is made by using a porous resin coating on a metal plate, which when immersed in acid, allows an even, all-over biting of the plate. When printed, the end reseult has a granular, textural effect.
etching
an intaglio printmaking process in which a metal plateis covered with acid resistant resin and then inscribed with a stylus in a design revealing the plate below. The plate is then immersed in acid which eats away the exposed metal. The resin is removed leaving the design etched permanently into the metal and the plate ready to be inked, wiped, and printed. Also: the print made from this process
color/hue
the result of differing wavelengths of electromagnetic energy
primary hues
colors which serve as a basis for all colors red, blue and yellow
secondary hues
resultants of the mixture of the primary colors
intermediate hues/ tertiaries
resultant of the mixture of both primary and secondary colors
complementary colors
two colors directly opposite of one another on the color wheel
neutrals
black and white which in terms of light are an abscence of color (black) and the mixture of all colors (white)
value
the relative degree of lightness and darkness of a given color and is created by the mount of light reflected from an objects surface
saturation/ intensity
color's quality of brightness or dullness