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34 Cards in this Set

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Discus Thrower
450 BCE
Ideal male athlete body, copied because they melted down bronze to reuse since it was more valuable. Compared to Egyptians, has much more movement.
Sanctuary of Apollo, Delphi
530 BCE
Point at which Zeus' two birds that he released met, believed an Oracle lived here. Oracle speaks to god and relays message to common people.
Centuar
Late 10th c. BCE
Ceramic
Geometric, reduction of human form to cubes, lines and cylanders. Made using a potters wheel
Slip
Water added to clay to change color and add depth
Funerary Vase
750-700 BCE
Geometric
First human figures on Greek pottery
Narrative Registers
No 3D perspective
Person in center is in midst of being cremeated. Greeks didn't save body for afterlife.
Difference between Greek and Egyptian view on death
Egyptians look forward to death, second life
Greeks think death is a mystery and don't define it, grieve
Olpe Pitcher
600 BCE
Near East influence because of trade routes
Oreintalizing period
Black figure pottery
Oriental is after geometic period.
Olpe=Wide mouth pitcher
Gorgon Medusa
600-580 BCE
Turns people to stone
Often in front of temples because she served as a protecto
Battle of gods and the pediments
Standing Youth (Kouros)
Archaic Period 600 BCE, Similar to Egyptians in that one foot is foward, thumb forward
No clothes on unlike Egyptians
More free from stone, nudity makes them classless
Awkward anatomy (V shape in hips)
Archaic Smile
Closed lip smile
Encaustic
A mixture of pigments and hot wax that left a shiny, hard surface when it cooled
Peplos Kore
530 BCE
Females are always closd, hair has encaustic
Kore=Female
Archaic smile
May be Athenas because found in Acropolis
Exekias
540 BCE
Black figure decoration
Ceramic
Shows story of Ajax and Achilles
Achilles was hero of Trojan War
Ajax preparing for suicide
Spear Bearer
Beginning of Classical Period (450-440 BCE)
Polykleitos is sculptor
Everything is an exact measurement
Charioteer
470 BCE
Still in original bronze/copper
Buried in an earthquake in about 373 BCE.
A little more natural looking
Warrior A
460-450 BCE
Bronze original, survived because at bottom of ocean
Idealized and realistic
Rare find
Believed to commemorate victory over Persians
Acropolis
"High City" 447-432
Parthenon is most famous and largest structure.
Parthenon, Acropolis
447-432 BCE
Also earliest known museum showing paintings to the public
Porch of the maidens Erechtheion
Temple 430-406 BCE, 420-410 BCE
Six female statues as pillars
One weight bearing leg.
Plan of Miletos
Uprising of urban planning
Present Day Turkey
During classical period promoted ideal city
Perfect urban planners guide to a city
First used on flat land
Theater Plan
Beginning of Hellenistic Period
4 c. BCE
Open forum
Mix of math and natural terrain
Semi circular, tiered
Good view and sound from sitting anywhere.
Efficient entrance/exit
Dying Gallic Trumpeter 220 BCE
Alexander the Great conquered most of world, his death in 323 BC sparked beginning of Hellenistic period. Ends with death of Cleopatra and Mark Anthony 31 BCE
Still alive, in moment realizing he is dying
Rope around neck symbolizes low class
Hellenistic
Obsessed with emotion (trying to provoke)
Venus de Milo
150-100 BCE
Clothing falling down
Left hand is preserved elsewhere
Sense of sensuality
Michaelangelo feminine
Drapery natural, overall more natural.
She-Wolf
500 BCE
Found twins (Romulus and Remus; Rome came from Romulus) along Tiber River and nursed the half god/mortal twins.Shows importance because she wasn't melted down
500 BCE

City of Rome began in spot where She-Wolf found twins
Porta Augusta
Entruscan (Greeks that moved to Italy) temple
3rd to 2nd century BCE
People wanted Greeks to make Greek art
Voussoir=Mathematical center, if falls everything else falls
Apollo
Made of Terra Cotta (Clay) 510 BCE
Hard to work with because it collapses in on itself if it stays to soft, cracks
Etruscans want to create movement and don't care if it isn't mathematically perfect
Archaic Smile
Clothed, wearing a toga
Burial Chamber, Tomb of the Reliefs
3 c. BCE
Families are buried here
Looking to comfortably pass on the dead
Sarcophagus From Cerveteri
Deceased smiling, looking forward and happy in afterlife
520 BCE
Sarcophagus=Flesh eater
Death is part of life.
Brutus
Founder and first council of republic of Rome
Mid 3rd c BCE
Very naturalistic
When Rome becomes empire that it is towards the turn of the century.
Aulus Mettalus Orato
Famous for gesturing movement
80 BCE
Bronze
Pompey the Great
50 BCE
"Verism" = Realistic type of sculpture
Unidealized
Original made before his death
During pax-romana (peaceful rome)
Pont du gard
1 c. BCE
Made of concrete
Aqueduct
Use gravity to bring water from springs into the city
100 gallons of water per person per day (fresh clean water is huge advancement)
Organic Architecure, first on large scale
Roman Forum
Used as a city center, marketplace
112 CE?
Urban planners in huge demand