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96 Cards in this Set

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"In the round"
When you can see all sides of a statue, front, back and sides.
Abstract
A purposefully simplified, fragmented, or otherwise distorted form of the visual world
Abstraction
(Ideas or concepts) Universal ideas of essence of concept
Additive
Modeling, assembling or adding to in order to create art
Aesthetics
(Nature) Branch of philosophy that deals with the nature, beauty and meaning of art and our response to it
Analogous
Adjacent hues on the color wheel
Atmospheric perspective
The observation that distant objects appear less distinct, paler and bluer than nearby objects due to the way moisture in the atmosphere scatters light
Binder
Substance that holds pigments together
Calligraphy
Beautiful writing
Camera obscura
Originally invented as a drawing tool, linear perspective
Characteristics of creativity [7]
Sensitivity, Flexibility, Originality, Playfulness, Fluency, Analytical skill, Organizational skill
Chiaroscuro
(light-dark) Contrasts of light and shadow. In 2D, representational art, creates light and dark values to give a 3D effect.
Collage
Actual objects glued to a surface
Color
Hue, name of the color
Complementary colors
Opposites on color wheel. Hues that intensify each other when next to each other, but dull each other when mixed
Composition
The organization of lines, shapes, colors and other art elements and principles in a work of art
Conceptual
Focus on the idea
Content
(What's inside the artwork) Subject matter or message. What a work of art is about.
Context
(What's going on outside the artwork) Knowledge of artist, time and culture. Connections of a work of art to the larger world of its time and place.
Contour line
A line drawn to record the boundaries of a three-dimensional form
Contraposto
(Natural gait) A pose that suggests the potential for movement, places the weight on one foot, producing s-curves.
Craft
(Functional) Expert work done by hand
Daguerreotype
One of the earliest forms of a photograph. Fixed on a copper plate
Definition
The visual presentation of information
Earthwork
(Of the Earth) Work constructed outdoors from natural materials
Figure
Positive shapes
Figure/Ground
(Space) The space around and part of a statue
Figure-Ground Reversal
The relationship between a shape we see as dominant (the figure) and the background shape we see as negative (the ground)
Focal point
The center of interest of an artwork
Foreshortening
The visual phenomenon whereby an elongated object projecting toward or away from a viewer appears shorter than its actual length, as though compressed
Form
(Media, style, composition) The physical appearance of a work of art. The way it looks, including its materials (media), style and composition.
Fresco
Pigment and damp plaster
Geometric
Approximate the regular named shapes and volumes of geometry such as square, triangle, circle, cube, pyramid, and sphere.
Genre
(Everyday life) Art that depicts casual moments of everyday life and its surroundings
Gesture
Calligraphic lines that suggest movement
Goal
Communication of a specific message to a specific group of people
Ground
Negative shapes
Hatching/Cross-hatching
Closely space parallel lines that mix optically to suggest values. Creates light and dark to give a 3D effect (chiaroscuro)
High-relief (haut-relief)
Figures project substantially from the background, often by half their full depth or more
Iconography
The identification, description and interpretation of subject matter. Requires knowledge of a specific time, beliefs or culture
Impasto
Thick application of paint
Installation
Work created for a specific space and time. May involve ceiling, walls or floor
Intensity
Relative purity of a color
Isometric perspective
Uses diagonal lines to convey recession, but parallel lines do not converge. Principally used in East Asian art which is not based in a fixed viewpoint
Kinetic art
Has to do with motion. Incorporates real or apparent movement
Line
Path of moving dots. Implies direction and movement
Linear perspective
An observation that parallel lines appear to converge as they recede from the viewer, finally meeting at a vanishing point on the horizon. Relies on a fixed viewpoint
Logos or trademarks
Symbols that represent the company or its product. Gains meaning through effective advertising
Low-relief/Bas-relief
(Coin) Figures project minimally
Mass
A three-dimensional form that occupies a volume of space
Media
Materials used
Medium
The material in a work of art or liquid that holds pigment
Megalith
A large massive stone
Mixed media
Art employing more than one medium
Monolithic
One
Monochromatic
Variations of the same color with black and white added
Naturalistic
(Representational or realistic) Closely resembles the form it portrays
Negative Space
No space between legs and between arms and body
Nonrepresentational
(Not real) Contains no reference to the natural world as we see it
Oldest known artwork?
Chauvet cave paintings 30,000 B.C.E. Upper Paleolithic Period
Organic
Irregular, evokes living forms of nature. [Generally softer, flowing lines]
Pattern
Regular repetition
Pigment
Powdered coloring material
Pointillism
(Points) A painting technique by which you place pure colors in regular, small points that blend together optically at a distance
Positive Space
Has space between legs and between arms and body
Primary colors
(Red, yellow and blue) A hue that cannot be created by mixing other hues together
Prints
An indirect process that results in multiples or editions that are each unique, original works of art
Proportion
Size relationships between parts of a whole, or between 2 or more items perceived as a unit.
Realism
(Representational or realistic) Portraying forms in the natural world in a highly faithful manner
Registration
Allows for multiple colors to be added
relief
Anything that projects from a background
Representational
(Naturalistic, Real) Resembles forms in the natural world, "window on the world"
Rhythm
Based on repetition (repeating elements in a work)
Scale
Size in relation to standard or normal size
Secondary colors
(Orange, green and violet) A hue created by mixing 2 primary colors together
Shape
A two-dimensional form that occupies an area
Space
2 or 3 dimensional
Stippling
(Dots) A pattern of closely spaced dots or small marks used to create a sense of 3D
Style
Characteristics that we can identify as constant, recurring, or coherent traits
Stylized
(Representational) Art in which methods for depicting forms have become standardized and can be repeated without further observation of the real world model. Using art for inspiration of art
Subtractive
Carving or taking away from to create art
Surrealism
Familiar things assembled in unfamiliar ways
Symbols
Convey info or ideas for all languages, universal
Texture
Surface quality
Texture
Actual or implied
Traditional Eastern Aesthetics
Birds eye view, grow larger as they go back, cropped
Traditional Western Aesthetics
Optically correct, grow smaller as they go back, large view
Triadic
3 equidistant colors on the color wheel (form an equal triangle onhe wheel)
Triptych
(3) A three-paneled painting
Trompe l'oeil
Representational. "Fool the eye", mimics the optical experience so faithfully that it may be mistaken for reality
True or False: A work of art may only reflect one theme.
False, A work of art may reflect more than one theme
True or False: Themes and purposes may differ within a work of art
TRUE
Value
The relative lightness or darkness of a hue, or of a neutral varying from black to white
Value
Relative lightness or darkness
Vanitas
(Vanity) Fleeting nature of earthly life
What Do Artists Do? [5]
1) Create places for some human purpose 2) Record and commemorate 3) Give tangible form to the unknown 4) Give tangible form to feelings & ideas 5) Refresh our vision and see the world in new ways