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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
archaeology
the recovery and study of remains of past people and cultures
history
study of written records of human life and accomplishments
oral traditions
actions and beliefs handed down from the past through word of mouth
primary sources
written or made at the time it covers
ex: Dead Sea Scrolls
secondary sources
written long after the event
ex: encyclopiedias
prehistoric
before recorded history
culture
the behavior, arts and beliefs and instituitions and other products and thoughts characteristic of a community
facts
statements that can be proven
opinions
statements that can not be proven
artifacts
an object made or used by humans
potsherd
a piece of broken pottery
site
a place where excavating is done
tell
an artificial hill
excavation
the act of digging out
stratigraphy
the study of layers of earth
stratum
a horizontal layer of material
relative dating
deciding whether artifacts are older or newer through comparison with artifacts already found
absolute dating
deciding the age in years of an artifact
typology/cross-dating
matching previously uncovered artifacts with already discovered ones
dendrochronology
tree-ring dating
kitchen midden
the rubbish(garbage), including including artifacts and bones, left by people of the past