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14 Cards in this Set

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Aerial Hypha
A hypha that is not imbedded in the material upon which the fungus grows
Antibiotic
A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduces
the reproduction rates of other organisms
Chitin
A chemical that provides both toughness and
flexibility
Extracellular Digestion
Digestion that takes place outside the cell
Fermentation
The anaerobic (without oxygen) breakdown of sugars into alcohol, carbon dioxide and lactic acid
Haustorium
A hypha of a parasitic fungus which enters the host's cells, absorbing nutrition directly from the cytoplasm
Hypha
A filament of fungal cells
Membrane
A thin covering of tissue
Mycelium
The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestion and absorption of the digested food
Rhizoid hypha
A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus grows
Sporophore
Specialized aerial hypha that asexually reproduces spores
Stolon
An aerial hypha that sexually reproduces to make more filaments
Zygospore
A zygote surrounded by a hard, protective covering
Zygote
The result of sexual reproduction when each parent sontributes half of the DNA necessary for the offspring