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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Glorious Revolution
-1668
-btwn 1680-1688, British had been trying centralize power to royal gov.
-when william and mary take crown from James II, colonies can go back to ruling themselves.
Treaty of Paris
1763
-end of the 7 years war
-France gave up canada to Britian & Louisiana to spain
-Spain gave florida to british
-imp. b/c britains empire expands, and b/c 7 years war is begining of discontentment btwn british and colonies
Mercantilism
-control of economy by gov.
-promote self-sufficieny, dont rely on other countries for economic success
-import < export
-controll shipping
-want more specie(gold) coming in than goingout
-colonies could provide raw materials and new markets
-this idealism led British to create the navigation acts
Navigation Acts
-regulated trade w/colonies
-imposed certain tariffs
-required colonists to export through and to Britain
-colonists were fine with it b/c it usually benefitted them & they were not strictly enforced, easy to smuggle
- this was called "salutary neglect" --> british didn't make a big deal about it b/c both sides were benefiting (becomes a problem alter on)
Grenville Acts
-Quatering -> colonists had to help pay for troops stationed in America, colonists had a fear of standing armies
-Currency -> US could no longer make its own paper money (hurt US economy)
-Sugar -> lowered tax on molasses but more strict enforcement, took away right to a fair trial (vice admiarlty courts), this particulary angered colonists, b/c they are used to salutary neglect
-Stamp Act - a revenue generating tax, required everyone to print imp. doc on special stamped paper; leads to violent retaliation b/c colonists do not believe parliament has the right to tax them internally, it is eventually repealed b/c of boycotts on British goods
Proclamation Line of 1763
-colonists could not settle west of appalachian mountains
-angered the expansion-minded colonists
-colonists fear of standing armies -> feel like the British are trying to "enslave" them
Virtual Representation
-idea that Parliament represents all the people, even if not everyone has elected them and is therefore actually represented
-most British can’t vote, therefore they are not really represented in Parliament, yet Parliament speaks for all/empire
-parliament claims that the colonies are virtually represented and therefore they have the right to tax/make laws
Actual Representation
-when elect officials you are actually represented
-colonists believed that b/c they weren't actually represented in parliament, it couldnt tax them
Townshend Duties
1767
-raised tariffs on import/export to raise revenue
-colonists were still angry b/c the sole purpose was to raise revenue
-American