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108 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
many layers of cells, surface cells are flat; lower cells rounded; lower layer undergoes mitosis

epidermis, lining of esophagus, vagin
stratified squamous epithelium
one layer of cubed shaped cells
thyroid gland secrets thyroxine
salivary glands secretes saliva
kidney tubles permits reabsorstion
cuboidal epithelium
many layers of cells; surface cells cange from rounded to flat
lining of uninary bladder permits expansion without tearing
transitional epithelium
one layer of colum shaped cells
lining of stomach secrets gastic juices
lining of samll intestine secretes enzymes and absorbs products of digestion
columnar epithelium
one layer of flat cells
alveoli of the lungs thin permits diffustion
capillaries thin to permit exhanges of material
simple squamous epithielum
one layer of columnar cells with cilia on their free surfaces
ling of tracha sweeps mucus and and dust to the pharynx
lining of fallopian tube sweeps ovum toward uterus
ciliated
ichthy/o
dry, scaly
horny tissue, hard cornea
kerat/o
milk
lact/o
breast
mamm/o
mast/o
hidden
crypt/o
fat
adip/o
lip/o
steat/o
gland
aden/o
skin
cutane/o
dermat/o
derm/o
dry
xer/o
nail
onych/o
ungu/o
hair
pil/o
trich/o
hardening
scler/o
scaly
squam/o
nipple
thel/o
fungus
myc/o
sweat
hidr/o
under, below
hypo-
sub-
excessive, above, normal
hyper-
above, upon
epi-
cell
-cyte
skin
-derma
record
-gram
instrument for recording
-graph
treatment
-therapy
study of
-logy
specialist in the study of
-logist
process of recording
-graphy
small tapered cells with no striation and one nucleus each
location- walls of arteries
function- maintains blood pressure
peristlaisis
regulates size of pupils
effect of nerve impluses bring about contraction involintary
smooth
large cylindrical cells with striations and several nuclei each
location attached to bone
function moves the skeleton and produces heat
effect of nerve impulses, essential to cause contraction
volintary
skeletal
branched cells with faint striations and one nucleus each
location walls of chambers of the heart
function pumps blood
effect of nerve impulses regulate only the rate of contraction
cardiac
osteocytes in a matrix of calcium salts and collagen
location bones
function support the body
bone
adipocytes that store fat
location subcutanous
function stores excess energy around eyes and kidneys
adipose
mostly collagen fibers with few fibroblast
location tendons and ligaments
function strong to withstand forces of movement of joints
fibrous
chondrocytes in a flexible protein matrix
location wall of trachea
function keeps airway open on joint surfaces of bones
cartilage
mostly eslastin fibers with few fibroblasts
location walls of large arteries
functions helps maintain blood pressure around alfeoli in lungs
elastic
plasma and red blood cess, white blood cells and platlets
location within blood vessels
function plasma transport material
rbcs carry oxygen
wbcs destroy pathogens
platlets prevents blood loss
blood
fiberblasts and matrix of tissue, fluid, cllagen, elastin fibers
location subcutaneous
functions connects skin to muscle
areolar
smaill crackline sore or break exposing the dermis usually red
athletes foot, cheilosis
fissure
elevated lesion containing pus that may be sterile or contaminated with bacteria small abcess on the skin
acne pustular psoriasis
pustule
loss of epidermis and dermis within a distinct border
pressure sore basal cell carcinoma
ulcer
flat discolored bed lesion of size
freckle flat mole
macule
solid elevated lesion
nerves warts pimple
papule
is made of calcium and collagen and is strong, hard and not flexible
bone
found on the joint surfaces of bone where it is smooth, helps prevent friction
cartilage
within the cartilage matrix, there are no capillaries within the cartilage matrix so these cells are nourished by diffusion the the matrix a slow process
chondrocyte
is the protein that makes tendons, ligaments and other connective tissure strong. vitiam c plays a role in the synthesis
collagen
there are several kinds some which amy at first seem more different than alike
they include areolar, adipose, firous, and elsstic tissue as well as bone blood and cartilage
connective tissue
ductless gland, group of chemical called hormones which enter capillaries and are circulated throughout the body
exp thyroid gland, adrenal and pituitary
endocrine gland
fibers are elastic
able to return to their origianl leenght or recoil after being streched
elastin
found on surfaces as covering or lining they have no capillaries of their own, they recieve oxygen and nutreients from the blood supply of the connective tisue beneath them
epithelial tissue
have ducts to take secretions away from the gland to the site of its function exp salivary gland
exocrine gland
red bone marrow and lympatic tissue which includes the spleen and lymph nodes
hemopoietic tissue
structual network or solution of nonliving intercellural material
matrix
line the body tracts that have openings to the enviroment
respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive
musous membrane
specialized for contraction
muscle tissue
forms the walls of the chambers of the heart
myocardium
functions include sensation, movement, the rapid regulation of body sunctiuon such as heart rate and breathing and the organization of information for learning and memory
nerve tissue
capable of generating and transmitting electrochemical impulses
neurons
transmits impluses acress synapses chemicals are released by anons
neurotransmitter
bone cell
osteocyte
52 to 62% total blood volume
plasma
the production and release of a cellular product with a useful purpose
secretion
sheets of simple squamous epithelium that line some closed body cavities
serous membrane
small space which an electrical impluse cannot cross
synapse
cells or organs that secrete or produce a substance that has a function either at that site or at more distant site
glands
carry oxygen bonded to their hemoglobins
red blood cells
destoy pathogens and provid us with immunity to some diseases
white blood cells
prevent blood loss the process of blood clotting
platelets
store fat in microscopic droplets, true fate are the chemical form of long term energy storage
adipose tissue
sheets of tissue that cover or line surfaces or seperate organs
membranes
serous membranes of the thoracic cavity
pleural membranes
line the chest wall
parietal pleura
cover the lungs
visceral pleura
prevents friction between them as the lungs expand and recoil during breathing
serous fluid
contains the nucleus
cell body
cellular process, carries impulses away from the cell
axon
carry impulses toward the cell
dendrites
small arteries , smooth muscle in the walls permits them to consctrict or dialate, important in maintenance of body temp, blood carries heat which is a form of energy
arterioles
located at the dermis of the ear canal, secretion is call cerumen or ear wax
ceruminous gland
found all over the body but especiall numerous on the forehead, upper lip, palms, and soles
eccrine sweat glands
made of stratified squamous deratinzing epithlial tissue and is thickes on the palms and soles
epidermis
made of epidermal tissue and the growth process of the epidermis
hair follicle
base of the hair follicle which contain cells called the matrix where mitosis takes place
hair root
proteins produced by epidermal cells found in the epidermis hair, and nails
keratin
pigment, in all people it increases by exposure to the ultraviolet rays
melanin
found in the lower epidermis
melanocyte
found on the end or finger or toes, mitosis takes place on the nail root and the new cells produce keratin and die
nail follicle
uneven junction of the dermis with the epidermis
papillary layer
open to the hair follicle or directly to the skin surface, the secretion is sebum
sebaceous gland
the outermost eidermal layer, consists of many layer of dead cells
stratum germinativum
superficial facsia, one of the connective membranes, connects ther dermis to the underlying muscles
subcutaneous tissue
decreases the flow of blood through the dermis and deep heat within the core of the body, this can also occur during stressfull situations it will shunt or redirect blood to more vital organs such as the muscles, heart and brain
vasoconstriction
increases blood flow through the dermis and bings excess heat close to the body surface to be radiated to the enviroment
vasodialition
what are the 2 layers of skin
epidermis and dermis
they originate in the bone marrowand are quite mobile, they are able to phagocytize foeign material such as bacteria that enter the body through breaks in the skin
Langerhans cells
superficial epidermis is burned, painful but not blistered
1st degree burn
deeper layer of the epidermis are affected the damaged cells release a histamine which makes capillaries more permeable, creates blister
2nd degree burn
entire epidermis is charred or burned away, receptors have been destroyed and potentially life threatning
3rd degree burn
receptors for pain heat and cold
free nerve ending
receptor for touch and pressure
encpsulated nerve endings
most numerous int he axillae and genital area and are most active in stress and emotional situations
apocrine gland
pressure ulcer the skin is compressed between the object outside
decubitus ulcer