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69 Cards in this Set

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glucose
the form of sugar that circulates the blood and provides the major source of energy for the body tissue
insulin
increases diminish blood sugar--which causes to feel hungry
orexin
lateral hypothalamus brings on hunger and secretes hunger, which triggers the hormone
ventromedial hypothalamus
depresses hunger
ghrelin
a hunger arousing hormone secreted by an empty stomch
PYY
suppresses appetite and makes you feel full
set point
the point at which an individual's weight thermostat is supposedly set. when the body falls below this weight an increase in and hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight, not biological
basal metabolic rate
the body's resting rate of energy expenditure
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder in which a normal weight person diets and becomes significantly underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve
bulimia nervosa
and eating disorder characterzed by episodes of overeating usually of high calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise
sexual response cycle
the four stages of sexual responding described by william masters and virginia johnson- excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution
excitement phase
genital areas become engorged w/ blood, a woman's vagina expands and secretes lubricant, and her breasts and nipples may enlarge
plateau phase
excitement peaks as breathing, pulse, and blood pressure rates continue to increase. the penis becomes fully engorged and some fulid-frequently containing enough live sperm to enable conception, may appear at its tip. vaginal secretion continues to increase, the clitoris retracts, and organsm feels imminent
orgasm
same feeling in men and women; muscle contractions are experienced all over th ebody, accompanied by further increases in breathing, pulse, and blood pressure
resolution phase
the body gradually returns to its unaroused state as teh engorged genital blood vessels release their acculmulated blood--relatively quickly if orgasm has occured, relatively slowly otherwise. male enters a refractory period during this phase
refractory phase
a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm. the female's much shorter refractory period may enable her to have another orgasm if restimulated during or soon after resolution
sexual disorders
a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal and functioning-- premature ejaculation, erectile disorder, orgasmic disorder
problems w/ sexual motivation
lack of sexual energy and arousablility
erectile disorder
men- inability to have or mainitain an erection
orgasmic disorder (women)
infrequently or never experiencing orgasm
estrogen
a sex hormone secreted in greater amounts by females that by males. in nonjuman femal mammals, estorgen levels peak during ovulation, promotion sexual receptivity
testosterone
the most important of the male sex hormones. both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimultes the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty
flow
a completely involved, focused state of cosciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills
industrial organizational psychology (I/O)
the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimize human behavior in workplaces
personnel psychology
a subfield of I/O that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development
organizational psychology
a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational influneces on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational chance
sttructured interviews
interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard
task leadership
goal oriented leadership that sets standars, organizes work, and focueses attenetion on goals
social leadership
ground oriented leadership that builds teamwork, medites conflict, and offers support
engaged
working w/ passion and feeling a prfound connection to their company or organization
not-engaged
putting in the time, but investing little passion or energy into their work
actively disengaged
unhappy workers undermining what their colleagues accomplish
self-esttem
a gauge of how valued and accepted we feel
affiliate
to feel connected and to identify with others
ostracism
social exclusion
anterior cingulated cortex
part of the brain that controls both physical and social pain
personal psychologists
work with organizations to devise selection methods for new employees and their recruit and evaluate training programs
interiewer illusion
a feeling of overconfidence in one's intuitive ability to predict employee success
halo errors
judgments based on personal qualitites rath thatn on the job behavior
leniency/ severity errors
blanket judgments treating everone too kindly or harshly
recency errors
judgments based on easily remembered recent behavior
higher profits, higher productivity, lower turnover, and loyal customer productivity
research shows that the most productive and engaged workers are those working in satisfying environments. employee satisfaction also tend to translate into those
emotion
a resoponse of the whole organism, involving physiological arousal, expressive behaviors, and conscious experience
james-lange theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of physiological response emotion arousing stimuli feeling fear follows the body's response
cannon-bard theory
the theory that an emotion arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers physiological response, and subjective experience of emotion (body's response begins as you experience fear, one does not cause the other)
two-factor theory
schachter-singer's theory that to experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal
autonomic nervous system
controls arousal, has two divisions- sympathetic and parasympathetic
sympatheic division
directs adrenal gland to relase stress hormone epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (nonadrenaline)
parasympathetic division
inhibits further release of stress hormones, gradually diminshes arousal
spillover effect
when arousal lingers from one event and spills over into the response to the next even (after exercising and irritating event can make a person react with more anger than usual because of the heightened arousal of working out
polygraph
a machine commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measures several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion (such as perspiration and cardiovascual and breathign changes)
empathy
you identify with others and imagine what it must be like to walk in thier shoes
emoticons
used in computer bsed comunication to express emotions
charles darwin
speculated that in prehistoric times our ancestors were able to survive due largely to facial expressions
facial feedback hypothesis
expressions not only communicate emotion, they also amplify and regulate it (james laird)
behavior feedback hypothesis
if we move our body as we would when experiencing some emotion, we are liekly to feel that emotion to some degree
sexual orientation
an enduring sexual attraction toward members of eithr one's own sex (homosexual orientation) or the other sex (heterosexual orientation)
fear
alarm system that prepares body to flee from danger
conditioning
learning fear- experience
-infants learn fear of ehights from falls or near-falls
observation
learning fear- watching
-monkeys in the wild fear snakes; captive monkeys do not
anterior cingulated cortex
sends input from amygdala that associates fears w/ certain situations
amygdala
remembers conditioning (knows they should be afraid) but shows no emotional response
hippocampus
shows the conditioned emotion but does not remeber why
phobia
intense fear of specific objects
catharsis
emotional release
feel good, do good phenomenon
tendency to hbe helpful when in a good mood
subjective well-being
self-perceived happiness, used to evaluate quality of life
adaptation-level phenomenon
our tendency to orm judgements of sounds, lights, incole relative to a neutral level defined by our prior experience
realtive deprivaion
the perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself