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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
HINDSIGHT BIAS
"I KNEW IT ALL ALONG" ; AFTER LEARNING THE OUTCOME, ONE BELIEVES THAT THEY WOULD HAVE FORESEEN IT
FALSE CONSENSUS EFFECT
OVERESTIMATING THE EXTENT TO WHICH OTHER'S SHARE OUR BELIEFS
THEORY
AN EXPLANATION USING AN INTEGRATED SET OF PRINCIPLES THAT ORGANIZES AND PREDICTS OBSERVATIONS
HYPOTHESIS
A TESTABLE PREDICTION; OFTEN IMPLIED BY A THEORY
NATURALISTIC OBSERVATION
OBSERVING AND RECORDING BEHAVIOR IN ONE'S NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
REPLICATOIN
REPEATING A RESEARCH STUDY WITH DIFFERENT PARTICIPANTS IN DIFFERENT SITUATIONS; TO SEE WHETHER THE BASIC FINDINGS EXTEND TO OTHER PARTICIPANTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES
RANDOM SAMPLING
A FAIR REPRESENTATION OF A POPULATION SINCE EACH MEMBER HAS AN EQUAL CHANCE OF INCLUSION
CASE STUDY
WHEN ONE PERSON IS STUDIED IN DEPTH IN THE HOPES OF REVEALING UNIVERSAL PRINCIPALS
SURVEY
QUESTIONING PEOPLE BY RANDOM SAMPLE TO GET THEIR OPINIONS
POPULATOIN
ALL THE CASES IN A GROUP, FROM WHICH SAMPLES MAY BE DRAWN FOR A STUDY
INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
FACTOR THAT IS MANIPULATED; VARIABLE WHOSE EFFECT IS BEING STUDIED
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
THE EXPERIMENTAL FACTOR THAT IS BEING MEASURED; MAY CHANGE IN RESPONSE TO THE IV
MEAN
THE AVERAGE; DERIVED FROM THE SUM OF THE SCORES DIVIDED BY THE NUMBER OF THE SCORES
MODE
THE SCORE THAT OCCURS THE MOST IN A DISTRIBUTION
MEDIAN
THE MIDDLE RANGE OF A SCORE
RANGE
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE HIGHEST AND LOWEST SCORES
PLACEBO
AN INERT SUBSTANCE THAT CAUSES RESULTS BY EXPECTATIONS ALONE

EX: POLLY AND PAT WERE TOLD THAT THE DRINK THEY ARE BEING GIVEN HAD ALCOHOL IN IT, WHEN IT REALLY DIDN'T. BECAUSE THEY WERE MADE TO BELIEVE IT WAS ALCOHOL, THEY FELT LIKE THEY WERE DRUNK.
CONTROL
FACTOR THAT REMAINS THE SAME
PHRENOLOGY
AN OUTDATED PROCEDURE WHERE DISEASES WERE DIAGNOSED BY FEELING ODD SPOTS ON THE HEAD

EX: DR. PETE FELT AROUND FRAN'S HEAD AND CAME ACROSS A BUMP AND SAID THAT FRAN HAD TROUBLE WITH KEEPING TRACK OF THINGS (NOT TRUE).
NEUROLOGY
THE STUDY OF DISORDERS IN THE BRAIN
BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
CONCERNED WITH THE LINK BETWEEN BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR
DENDRITE
BUSHY, BRANCHING EXTENSION OF A NEURON THAT RECEIVES MESSAGES AND CONDUCTS IMPULSES TOWARD THE CELL BODY
AXON
EXTENSION OF A NEURON (ENDS IN BRANCHING TERMINAL FIBERS) THROUGH WHICH MESSAGES PASS TO OTHER NEURONS OR TO MUSCLES OR GLANDS
SYNAPSE
FUNCTION BETWEEN THE AXON TIP OF THE SENDING NEURON AND THE DENDRITE OR CELL BODY OF THE RECEIVING NEURON
MYELIN SHEATH
A LAYER OF FATTY TISSUE ENCASING THE FIBERS OF MANY NEURONS; ENABLES VASTLY GREATER TRANSMISSION SPEED OF NEURAL IMPULSES AS THE IMPULSE HOPS FROM ONE NODE TO THE NEXT
NEUROTRANSMITTER
CHEMICAL MESSENGERS; 1/10,000TH OF A SECOND, NT MOLECULES CROSS THE SYNAPTIC GAP AND BIND TO THE RECEPTOR SITES ON THE RECEIVING NEURON
THRESHOLD
THE LEVEL OF STIMULATION REQUIRED TO TRIGGER A NEURAL IMPULSE
ACTION POTENTIAL
A NEURAL IMPULSE; A BRIEF ELECTRICAL CHARGE THAT TRAVELS DOWN AN AXON; GENERATED BY POSITIVELY CHARGED ATOMS IN AND OUT OF CHANNELS IN THE AXON'S MEMBRANE
MEDIAN
THE MIDDLE SCORE IN DISTRIBUTION

EX: 1,2,3,4,5 -- 3 IS THE MIDDLE SCORE