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34 Cards in this Set

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First Amendment Freedoms
Religion, Assembly, Petition, Press, Speech
Establishment Clause
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion
Free Exercize Clause
Congress cannot prohibit the free exercize of religion
Slander
Untrue, malicious, harmful things spoken.
Due Process
life, Liberty, Property Cannot be taken away without ___
Double Jeopardy
You cannot be tried twice for the same crime (5th amendment)
Venue
We can get a change of ____ if we cannot get a fair trial where the crime occured
Exclusionary rule
Evidence improperly obtained cannot be used in a court of law.
Strict Scrutiny
the highest level of judicial scrutiny that is applied
Poll tax
A tax levied on people rather than on property, often as a requirement for voting.
Literacy Test
n examination to determine whether a person meets the literacy requirements for voting
Arraignment
To call (an accused person) before a court to answer the charge made against him or her by indictment, information, or complaint
Separate but Equal Doctrine
A doctrine established by the Plessy vs. Ferguson case
De Jure Segregation
segregation by law
De Facto Segregation
segregation by custom
Grandfather Clause
clause that granted the right to vote to anyone who could vote prior to the civil war and their descendants, but required diplomas and literacy tests for those who had not been eligible to vote before the war.
Affirmative Action
Favoring a group to make up for past discrimination
Indictment
Order from a grand jury to stand trial cannot be tried for a crime without this
Clear and Present Danger
Our worlds must create a threat to be punishable
Presumption of Innocence
We are innocent until proven guilty (no burden of proof rests on the defense)
Civil liberties
the name given to freedoms that protect the individual from government
Probable cause
reasonable ground for a belief
Sedition
incitement of discontent or rebellion against a government
Civil Rights
the rights to full legal, social, and economic equality extended to blacks
Pure speech
the freedom of speech written and orally
Symbolic Speech
the freedom of speech by using symbols (clothing etc.)
Speech Plus
Freedom of speech written, orally, and with action
Search Warrant
A warrant giving legal authorization for a search.
Eminent Domain
the power of the state to take private property for public use with payment of compensation to the owner.
Reasonable Suspicion
an objectively justifiable suspicion that is based on specific facts or circumstances which allows for stop and searching
Bail
released or free as a result of having posted bond
Comparable Worth
the doctrine that a woman's and man's pay should be equal when their work requires equal training, skills, and responsibilities.
Jim Crow Laws
a practice or policy of segregating or discriminating against blacks, as in public places, public vehicles, or employment
Reverse Discrimination
Discrimination against members of a dominant or majority group, especially when resulting from policies established to correct discrimination against members of a minority or disadvantaged group.