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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Advantages to being an incumbent at reelection time
Advertising-franking and trips home @ taxpayers expense
Credit claiming-casework and pork barrel
Position taking
Weak opponents
Well known and easier to get $
franking priviledge
free mail
why senators have more trouble being releected
-not as many so more publicized along w/ track records
-more competitive challengers
-have to travel longer distances b/c they represent the entire state
advertising as an incumbent advantage
franking privileges
free trips home
casework
helping out individuals with their problems "cutting the red tape"
pork-barrel
sneaking things in the budget for the ppl back home
Who do PACs favor
incumbents
How to defeat an incumbent
scandal, $, redistricting
Reapportionment in Congress
happens every 10 years after the census
How a bill becomes a law in House
Introduced in House
Designated to a Sub-Committee where studies, hearing and revisions are made
Next it goes to full committee
decides 2 send to floor and amends
Given to Rules Committee which assigns time @ floor
Goes to Full House for debate
Given to Conference Committee to iron out differences w/ Senate
Goes back to House and then to the President
How a bill becomes a law in the Senate
Introduced in Senate
Designated to a Sub-Committee where studies, hearing and revisions are made
Next it goes to full committee
decides 2 send to floor and amends
Given to Leadership which assigns time @ floor
Goes to Full Senate for debate
Given to Conference Committee to iron out differences w/ House of Rep
Function of the House Rules Committee
determines length of debate and amount of amendments
Requirement for introducing revenue bills
must start in the HR
Impeachment process
House impeaches by majority and Senate trials with a 2/3 vote
chief of justice presides
filibuster
unlimited debate in the Senate
cloture
shutting off a filibuster by 60 votes
Leadership structure in the Senate
Vice President
President Pro Tempore
Majority Leader (appoints select committee members and nominates)
Minority Leader
Leadership structure in the House of Rep
Speaker of the House (majority party)
Majority Leader
Minority Leader
Majority Whip
Minority Whip
Role of the Speaker of the house
most powerful person in House
tallys votes
makes nominations (in rules committee)
helps keep order in debate
bill setting to committees
Senate Majority and Minority leaders
set bill agenda
House Majority leader
helps speaker round up votes
keeps party together
assists speaker in bill setting
Whips
are under the leader
complaints go to whip about treatment in committee
organizes caucuses and people in party
standing committee
are permanent (each has a subcommittee)
select committee
have a special purpose and are temporary
ex: Watergate
conference committee
iron out differences between bills
joint committees
have house and senate members
party influence in committees
majority always has a prominent seat in each committee
GAO
General Accounting Office monitors executive spending
CBO
Congressional Budget Office
analyzes president's budget and makes economic projections
Representatives as trustees
given the faith of the public in making the right decision
representatives as instructed delegates
representatives of the people
representatives as politicos
combo of both
Order of Succession for the President
VP House Speaker president pro tempore through cabinet
22nd amendment
gives a limit of 2 terms to presidents
25th amendment
about presidential disability that says if he/she is sick the v.p. will take over, but once they are in good health he/she can take over again
Constitutionally assigned powers to president
Veto
Commander and Chief
sign and make treaties
how presidents can control federal bureaucracy
they have appointing power
powers of vp
cede president
presiding officer in senate and can throw a tie-breaking vote
Cabinet Departments
Justice, Defense, Sate, Treasury, Health and Human Services, Agriculture, Housing and Urban Developement, Interior, Commerce, Labor, Education, Transportation, Energy, Vetran's Affairs, Homeland Security
OMB
Office of Management and Budget
prepare's president's budget
NSC
National Security Council
advises the president on security matters
links the military and foreign policy
secretary state and defense
director CIA
CEA
Council of Economic Advisers
3 advisers selected by the president
produce an annual economic report
advice on inflation and unemployment
White House Staff roles
Most key advisers that get to see the president the most
national security advisers
chief of staff
press secretary
Presidential veto power
can veto bills
pocket veto-do it when congress is out of session
line-item veto taking out parts
let it come to law after 10 days
signing statement
comes w/ bills president signs saying how they will run it and implement it
Clinton v. New York
S.C. ruled that line item veto is unconstitutional
Effects of high or low public approval ratings on Presidents
low public approval limits his ability to get legislation he wants taken care of
executive agreements
no senate approval
between nations
treaties
approval by 2/3 senate negotiations w/ other countries
role as commander and chief
commands the arm
commands nuclear arsenal
War Powers Resolution
considered a legislative veto saying president must consult congress prior to using military force and to withdraw troops in 60 days if not declared by Congress
mandates
idea that voters are behind president's character and policy
presidential coattails
belief that congresspersons are voted in because people like the president and his party