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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
locke social contract
give up some natural rights for the sake of government, but the government must protect them
problems with the Articles of Confederation
-can't trade and levy taxes
-couldn't pay off war debt
-could not force states to adhere to national government
-postwar depression that hit farmers
-excess of currency
-force acts
shay's rebellion
farmers burnt up courthouses b/v they were upset w/ having land forclosed
force act
common people passed rules to print more money but told creditors they must accept it
Virgina Plan
to have representations of states by population
New Jersey plan
to be equal no matter what the size of the state's population
Connecticut Compromise
created the house of representatives and the senate
significance of annapolis meeting
to get together to decide about the philadelphia convention
purpose of philadelphia convention
to revise articles
3/5 compromise
dealt with slavery and allowed the south to have more representation but it could be taxed
Economic powers given to Congress under Article 1 Section 8
lay and collect taxes
pay debts
borrow $
regulate commerce w/ other nations, between states, and w/ indians
coin money
punish counterfeiting
matrial law
president calls a sate of emergency and habeus corpus not in plce
bills of attainder
you have to have a trial before you can go to jail
purpose of madisonian model #1
to prevent factions/concentrations of power through the separation of power
3 branch gov w/ checks and balances
madisonian model #2
prevent tyranny of the majority
A.electoral obstacles
only HR directly elected
senate appointed
pres elected by E.C.
judges appointed
B. Electoral process
madisonian model #3
difficult to amend process
Maurbury v. Madison
established judicial review
Judiciary Act of 1789
Congress created a system of lower courts and gave the supreme court a writ of mandamus
writ of mandamus
court order to make public official do something
how many states it took to ratify the constitution
9 states
3 major objections to the constitution
1. to centralized gov
2. no bill of human rights
3. class based doc
why the bill of rights was added
new york wouldn't ratify until there was one
Formal process of amendments
2/3 both houses and 3/4 by state legislatures
or 2/3 both houses and 3/4 by state convention
national convention w/ 2/3 of states and ratified by 3/4 state leg.
same as before w/ 3/4 of state convention
informal amendment process
not specific amendments, but influence the constitution
laws pased by congress
court decisions
presidental actions
Article I
deals w/ congress
Article II
the presidnet
Article III
the judiciary
Article IV
interstate relations
Article V
amending constitution
Article VI
debts, supremacy, oaths
Article VII
ratifying constituion
1st Amendment
freedom religion, speech, assembly, petition
2nd amendment
right to bear arms
3rd amendment
quartering soliders
4th amendment
searches and sizures
5th amendment
grand juries, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, due process, eminent domain
6th amendment
criminal court procedures
7th amendment
trial by jury in common-law cases
8th amendment
bails, fines, and punishment
9th amendment
rights retained by the people
10th amendment
rights reserved to the states