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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Federalism
Organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have suthority over the sam area.
Unitary Governments
All power resides in the central government (Most governments today are unitary)
Intergovernmental relations
enitre set of interactions among national, state and local government
Supremacy clause
Supreme Law: (Article VI)
1. The constitution
2. Laws of the national government
3. treaties (can only be made by the national governmnent)
10th Amendment
"Powers not delegated to the US by the Constitution , nor prohibited by the States are reserved by the states and the people"
McCulloch vs. Maryland
1819 supreme court decision that established supremacy clause
enumerated powers
powers specifically addressed in the constitution (for congress, Article I, section 8)
implied powers
Powers of the federal government that go beyond those enumerated "necessary and proper"
elastic clause
"necessary and proper clause
Gibbons vs. Ogden
1824 supreme court case gave congress the power to regulate interstate commerce
full faith and credit
Article IV, Section 1
requires states to recognize the official documents and civil judgemnts so rendered by the courts of other states
extradition
criminal is returned to state where crime was committed.
priveleges and immunities
Article IV, section 2
Citizens of each state have most of the privileges of citizens of other states
dual federalism
national and state governments remain supreme in their own sphere
(Layer Cake)
cooperative federalism
power and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government
(Marble Cake)
fiscal federalism
pattern of spending, taxing and providing grants in the federal system
categorical grants
federal grant can only be used for a specific purpose by state and local governments
project grants
Grant given for specific purpose or awarded on the basis of the merits of applications
formula grants
grants distributed according to a forumla spedified in legislation or in administrative regulations
block grants
grants more or less given automatically to states or communities to support broad prgrams.