Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
brought Brandenburg-Prussia to power
-
Hohensollern Dynasty
-built foundation for the Prussian state
-came to power in the midst of the Thirty Years' War
-built confident standing army
-
Frederick William the Great Elector
-established by Frederick William the Great Elector
-levied taxes for the army and oversee its growth and training
-evolved into an agency for civil gov.
-became chief instrument for governing the state
-members were the Prussian landed aristocracy, the Junkers, who also served in the all-important army
General War Commissariat
-son of Frederick William the Great Elector
-in return for aiding the HRE in the War of the Spanish Succession, he was officially granted the title of king-of-Prussia
-title changed to King Frederick I
Frederick III
-encouraged eastward movement of the Austrian Empire, but sorely challenged by the revival of the Ottoman power
Leopold I
-Austria took control of Hungary, Transylvania, Croatia, Slovenia, thus establishing an Austrian Empire in southeastern Europe
Treaty of Karlowitz
Russian nobility
boyars
first ruler of russia to take the title of tsar
-expanded territories of Russia eastward after finding westward expansion blocked by the powerful Swedish and the Polish states
-extended the autocracy of the tsar by crushing the power of the boyars
Ivan IV the Terrible
-ruler of Russia who wished to westernize his nation, especially in the realm of technical skills
-creation of a strong army and navy
Peter the Great
-created by Peter the Great to create opportunities for nonnobles to serve the state and join the nobility
Table of Ranks
-created by Peter the Great to make decisions for the Russian Orthodox Church
Holy Synod
a layman who represented the interests of the tsar and assured Peter of effective domination of the church
procurator
-young king of Sweden thought to be easily defeated for the Baltic by Peter the Great
-but defeated the Russians in the end
Charles XII
-first battle of the Great Northern War
-Charles XII (king of Sweden) defeated Peter the Great, defending the Baltic
Battle of Narva
-Peter the Great fought back against Charles XII of Sweden
-Peter defeated Charles's army
Battle of Poltava
-ended the Great Northern War
-gave formal recognition to what Peter had already achieved: the acquisition of Estonia, Livonia, and Karelia
-Russia now the great European state
Peace of Nystadt
-ruler of Denmark
-under his rule----a centralized administration was instituted with the nobility as the chief officeholders
Christian V
-leader of Sweden
Gustavus Adolphus
-Gustavus Adolphus's dedicated chief minister
-persuaded king to adopt a new policy in which the nobility formed a "First Estate" occupying the bureautcratic positions of an expanded central gov.
-created stable monarchy and freed the king to raise a formidable army and participate in the Thirty Years' War
Axel Oxenstierna
-Peter the Great fought back against Charles XII of Sweden
-Peter defeated Charles's army
Battle of Poltava
-ended the Great Northern War
-gave formal recognition to what Peter had already achieved: the acquisition of Estonia, Livonia, and Karelia
-Russia now the great European state
Peace of Nystadt
-ruler of Denmark
-under his rule----a centralized administration was instituted with the nobility as the chief officeholders
Christian V
-leader of Sweden
Gustavus Adolphus
-Gustavus Adolphus's dedicated chief minister
-persuaded king to adopt a new policy in which the nobility formed a "First Estate" occupying the bureautcratic positions of an expanded central gov.
-created stable monarchy and freed the king to raise a formidable army and participate in the Thirty Years' War
Axel Oxenstierna
Gustavus Adolphus's daughter who was more interested in philosophy and religion than ruling
Christina
ruler of Sweden who reestablished domestic order
Charles X
-successor of Charles X, actually did the work to build the Swedish monarchy
-weakened the independent power of nobility
Charles XI
-successor/son of Charles XI
-primarily interested in military affairs
-due to him, Sweden lost much of northern empire to Russia
Charles XII
-leader of the Ottoman Turks who brought the Turks back to Europe's attention
-
Sultan Suleiman I the Magnificent
-well-organized military system
-composed of Christian boys who had been taken from their parents, converted to the Muslim faith, and subjected to rigid military discipline to form an elite core of 8,000 troops personally loyal to the sultan
Janissaries