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48 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Bastille
the infamous prison that was stromed for gunpowder and torn down as a cause of the revolution.
Maximillian Robspierre
the main instigator of the revolution. an extraordinary orator who continued with the Terror and became incredibly powerful before he was executed by the guillotine.
Marie Antoinette
the wife of King Louis XVI who was an extraoridnary spender of money on fasion and gambling and was infamous for her inability to produce a child for nine years of the marriage. she was executed by the guillotine as well.
Louis XVI
The weak king during the French Revolution whose continuing mistakes led the Revolution on and ended with his own execution.
Estates General
the nobles called this to gain more power (because the parlemont could not pass taxes)
The Third Estate
90 percent of the population only had one vote.
The First Estate
Clergy
The Second Estate
Nobles
Jaque Necker
Swiss Bourgeosie who was appointed the major minsiter of the King. very popular among the common people. Fired after Bastille for being too sympathetic.
1789
The third estate locked out of General and they form the National Assembly. when Lois sends troops, the Bastille is stormed for gunpowder.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens
National Assembly makes for equality and a soverign people.
Freedom for press.
The friend of the people
Marat's newspaper. very angry and paranoid.
Marat
poor and contracted skin disease in the sewer which made him sit in a bathtub all day. made the newsppaer and was very angry and paranoid. encourages the terror and the deaths and is finally killed.
October 5th 1789
Women protest bread shortaage and go to Versailles. (fish women) demand that the royals move to paris and storm the castle when they hesitate. they are successful and the royals are now prisoners of Paris.
1791
Louis tries to flee and is arrested and taken back. turning point for the revolution.
Joseph Guillotin
invents the guillotine as a new, humane, enlightened and equal execution.
Jacobines
the radical group ruling France at this point.
1792
War on Austria
Bronswick Manifesto
Prussians warning France not to kill the King or Queen
1792
Attack on Tuilerie palace and monarchy is no more.
August 23rd 1789
Origy of Renunciation.
the National Assembly (with nobles) renounced all the rights and priveledges of the nobles in one night.
Girondins
Moderates of the Natioal Assembly and encouraging to spare the King (Right - conservative)
Montagne
Left - most radicals./ they wanted to kill the king.
Plains or moderate jacobines joined with them and the king was executed.
Sans-Culotte
going against the knee-pants of the nobles and all wearing ordinary pants. only in paris, but they ran paris and forced the national Assembly to be radical.
George Danton
Uncle Sam in Paris for the war against Austria and Prussa. Rallies the country to war. Later is executed for speaking out against the terror.
Charlotte Cordey -1793
a girl apaulled by killings and the killer of Marat.
David
A famous neoclassical artist who paints Marat like Jesus in La Pieta
Comittee of Public Safetey
12 people who ruled France. the Constitution suspended. headed by Robspierre
The Terror
Headed by Robspierre - the killing of anyone who is remotely treasonous.
Jaque-Rene Ebert
voted for the De Christenization of France.
Civil Constitution of the Clergy
sought to reform the chuch.
New Saint
Marat
HOuses of Reason
Made out of churches.
Calendrier
New, secular calender.
Lyon
Many killed for "treason". brutal example.
Vendee
Where there were the most killings in the terror.
Bonaparte
rises in the victories in the war.
Levy on Mass
Every male drafted and everyone in the war.
1794
Terror and virtue go hand in hand - Danton Disagrees and Danton is killed.
Great Terror
1794 paranoia increases.
Festival of the Supreme Being
a new religious holiday for the "goddess of reason" - Deism
1795
Directory established after Robspierre's death. Napoleon goes into power.
Relative Deprivation
Big seperation between the poor and the rich and is a frequent cause of revolution.
Thermadorian reaction
Month Robspierre was killed and revolution went backwards for a while.
ferternity
Price control on bread and advice to farmers. Meritocracy.
Tuileries Palace
where louis and Marie are when they are captive in Paris.
Refractory Clergy
those who did not swear to the revolution 1791
June 6th
religious holiday - festival of the supreme being - Robspierre's new go.