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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abstract
adj. not associated with a specific instance, difficult to understand.
n. something not knowable through the five senses
v. remove, separate
Acerbic
adj. acid in temper, mood, or tone
Allusions
n. an implied or indirect reference
Allusive
adj. alluding or hinting at
Ambivalence
n. simultaneous and contradictory attitudes toward a person, object, or action, uncertain as to which approach to follow.
Ambivalent
adj. uncertain of which approach to follow
Analogy
n. inference that if 2 or more things agree with one another in some respects they will probably agree in others, resemblance between things otherwise unalike,
Analytical
adj. being a proposition (as "no bachelor is married") whose truth is evident from the meaning of the words it contains, characterized by analysis rather than inflection.
Anecdote
n. a usually short narrative of an interesting, amusing, or biographical incident
Antithesis
n. the rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences (as in "action, not words" or "they promised freedom and provided slavery"), direct opposite
Apathy
n. lack of feeling or emotion, lack of interest or concern
Apology
n. an admission of error or discourtesy accompanied by an expression of regret, a poor substitute
Appeal
n. the power of arousing a sympathetic response
v. accuse, to arouse a sympathetic response
Argument
n. an abstract or summary, discourse intended to persuade, the subject matter.
Argumentative apologist
n. speaks or writes in defense of someone or something.
Bemused
v. to confuse, to occupy the attention of
Cadence
n. a rhythmic sequence or flow of sounds in language
Capricious
adj. impulsive, unpredictable
Causal relationship
n. relationship in which one thing relates to or is the cause of the other
Churlish
adj. marked by a lack of civility or graciousness, difficult to work with or deal with
Circumlocutions
n. excessive use of words
Clause
separate part of a document, part of a sentence with a subject and a predicate; independent: neither deducible from nor incompatible with another statement. subordinate: functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
Colloqiual
adj. of or relating to conversation, used in informal conversation.
Complex sentence
n. consisting of a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
Compound sentence
n. having two or more main clauses.
Conciliatory
adj. agreeable, compatible, mollifying
Concrete diction
n. naming a real thing that can be seen, touched, smelled, or tasted.
Condescending
adj. patronizing, assuming superiority
Contemplative
adj. considerate with attention, views or considers thoughtfully
Contradiction
n. implies both the truth and falsity of something, contrary of
Dialect
n. variety of language confined to a region or group, manner or means of expressing oneself
Diction
n. verbal description, choice of words especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness
Double Entendre
n. a word or expression capable of two interpretations with one usually risqué
Eccentricity
n. deviation from an established pattern or norm, odd or whimsical behavior
Effusive
adj. excessively demonstrative
Epithets
n. a characterizing word or phrase accompanying or occurring in place of the name of a person or thing, often abusive
Euphemism
n. substitution of a pleasant expression for an unpleasant or offensive one
Evocation
n. summoning, imaginative recreation, bringing to mind, cause thought.
Exemplify
v. serve as an example of, to be typical of
Fable
n. fictitious story that teaches a lesson
v. to talk or write about as if true
Feigned
adj. fictitious, not genuine or real
Glib
adj. speaking or spoken with ease and informality, showing little forethought or preparation, can be to the point of insincere and deceitful
Grammar
n. study of words and their functions in relations to sentences
Implied
adj. expressed indirectly, contained potentially, indicated by inference, association, or consequence rather than directly stated
Importune
adj. troublesomely persistent or urgent
v. to press or urge with troublesome persistence, beg for urgently
Inexorably
adv. unyielding or relentlessly, not to be persuaded or moved by entreaty
Inferred
v. derive as a conclusion from facts or premises, pointed out, suggest, hint
Irate
adj. arising from anger
Irony
n. the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning, incongruity between the actual result of a sequence of events and the normal or expected result, incongruity between a situation developed in a drama and the accompanying words or actions that is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
Judicious
adj. having, exercising, or characterized by sound judgement.
Loose sentence
n. the principal clause comes first and subordinate modifiers or trailing elements follow
Lyrical
adj. expressing direct personal emotion
Metaphor
n. a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them
Nostalgia
n. state of being homesick, a wistful or excessively sentimental yearning for return to or of some past period or irrecoverable condition
Objectivity
n. existing outside an individual's thoughts or feelings, expressing or dealing with facts or conditions as perceived without distortion by personal feelings, prejudices, or interpretations; relating to, characteristic of, or constituting the case of words that follow prepositions or transitive verbs
Onomatopoeia
n. the naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it, the use of words whose sound suggests the sense
Paradox
n. a statement that seems contrary to common sense yet is perhaps true, self-contradictory statement that at first seems true
Parallel structure
n. having identical syntactical elements in corresponding positions, the use of equivalent grammatical forms or matching sentence structures to express equivalent ideas and develop coherence
Parallel syntax
n. words are put together in a parallel form
Pedantic
adj. unimaginative, narrowly, stodgily, and often ostentatiously learned
Periodic sentence
n. a usually complex sentence that has no subordinate or trailing elements following its principal clause (as in "yesterday while I was walking down the street, I saw him")
Poignant
adj. pungently pervasivepainfully affecting the feelings, deeply affecting, designed to make an impression
Preceding
adj. that immediately precedes in time or place
Pretentious
adj. making usually unjustified or excessive claims; expressive of affected, unwarranted, or exaggerated importance, worth, or stature; making demands on one's skill, ability, or means
Qualify
v. to reduce from a general to a particular or restricted form, moderate, certify
Remorse
n. a gnawing distress arising from a sense of guilt for past wrongs, compassion
Rhetorical function
n. function used to speak or write effectively
Self-deprecating
adj. expressing disapproval of oneself, belittling oneself
Slang
n. language peculair to a particular group
Slipshod
adj. careless, thrown together
Strident
adj. loud and harsh
Structure
n. arranged in a definite pattern of organization,
Superficial
adj. relating to what is only apparent, presenting only an appearance without substance or significance
Syntax
n. The way words are put together
Terse
adj. smoothly elegant, concise
Theme
n. main idea, subject matter, specific concern
Thesis
n. proposition to be argued for
Tone
n. manner of speaking that expresses a manner or attitude
Unaffected expression
n. common speech
Understatement
n. represented as less than is the case, stated or presented with restraint especially for effect