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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-Cranial nerve I
-sensory function (smell)
Olfactory nerve
-cranial nerve II
-sensory function (vision)
Optic
-cranial nerve III
-Motor function
--eyeball mvt. and lens accomodation
-parasympathetic fiber
Oculomotor
-Cranial nerve IV
-motor
--eyeball mvt.
Trochlear
-cranial nerve V
-sensory nerve (gen. sensations, tongue sensations, chewing)
--zygomatic, maxillary, nasal, sphenoid; mandible
---second thickest
Trigeminal
-cranial nerve VI
-Motor
-eyeball mvt.
Abducens
-cranial nerve VII
-sensory (taste)
-motor (facial expressions, proprioception)
-parasympathetic fibers
Facial
-cranial nerve VIII
-sensory (hearing, balance)
Auditory/ vestibulocochlear
-cranial nerve IX
-sensory (taste)
-motor (proprioception for swallowing, BP receptors, swallow, gag reflex, tear production)
-Parasympathetic fibers
--tongue; pharynx
Glossopharyngeal
-cranial nerve X
-Sensory (taste)
-Motor (chemoreceptors, pain receptors, sensation, taste, heart rate/stroke volume, peristalsis, air flow speech and swallowing
-Parasympathetic fibers
--thickest; below neck; cardio, respiratory, digestive
Vagus
-Cranial nerve XI
-Motor (head roatation)
--fail safe: back up sys.
Accessory
-cranial nerve XII
-motor (speech and swallowing)
--underneath tongue
Hypoglossal
Involve planter extension of the foot following a tap on archilles tendon
Achilles reflex
Contraction of anal sphicter/irritation of anal skin
Anal reflex
absence of reflexes
Areflexia
Resulting from compression of median nerve in the carpal tunel, resulting in pain, burning and tinglings of the fingers and hand.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Involving closure of eyelids due to irritation of cornea
Corneal reflex
Paralysis to brachial plexus due to pressure to axilla from prolonged use of a crutch (acute)
Crutch Palsy
Surgical technique involving the removal of damaged section of a spinal cord and replacement of nerve segmentsf rom an arm or leg.
Delayed nerve grafting
surgical removal of ganglion
Gangliectomy
Regional anesthesia obtained by an injection of anesthetics in close proximity to appropriate nerve
nerve block
excision of a portion of a nerve
neurectomy
displacement of a nerve
neurectopia
surgical anastomosis of one nerve to another
neuroanastomosis
surgical breaking up of penneural adhesions
neurolysis
suturing of a nerve
neurorrhaphy
dissection of a nerve
neurotomy
excision/resection of phrenic nerve
phrenicotomy
inflammationo f multiple nerves
polyneuritis
syndrome characterized by absensce of fever pain, tenderness, motor weakness, and absence of tendon reflexes. A type of encephalitis
Radiculoneuritis
Resulting from compression of median nerve in the carpal tunel, resulting in pain, burning and tinglings of the fingers and hand.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Involving closure of eyelids due to irritation of cornea
Corneal reflex
Paralysis to brachial plexus due to pressure to axilla from prolonged use of a crutch (acute)
Crutch Palsy
Surgical technique involving the removal of damaged section of a spinal cord and replacement of nerve segmentsf rom an arm or leg.
Delayed nerve grafting
surgical removal of ganglion
Gangliectomy
Regional anesthesia obtained by an injection of anesthetics in close proximity to appropriate nerve
nerve block
excision of a portion of a nerve
neurectomy
displacement of a nerve
neurectopia
surgical anastomosis of one nerve to another
neuroanastomosis
surgical breaking up of penneural adhesions
neurolysis
suturing of a nerve
neurorrhaphy
dissection of a nerve
neurotomy
excision/resection of phrenic nerve
phrenicotomy
inflammationo f multiple nerves
polyneuritis
syndrome characterized by absensce of fever pain, tenderness, motor weakness, and absence of tendon reflexes. A type of encephalitis
Radiculoneuritis
-Cranial nerve I
-sensory function (smell)
Olfactory nerve
-cranial nerve II
-sensory function (vision)
Optic
-cranial nerve III
-Motor function
--eyeball mvt. and lens accomodation
-parasympathetic fiber
Oculomotor
-Cranial nerve IV
-motor
--eyeball mvt.
Trochlear
-cranial nerve V
-sensory nerve (gen. sensations, tongue sensations, chewing)
--zygomatic, maxillary, nasal, sphenoid; mandible
---second thickest
Trigeminal
-cranial nerve VI
-Motor
-eyeball mvt.
Abducens
-cranial nerve VII
-sensory (taste)
-motor (facial expressions, proprioception)
-parasympathetic fibers
Facial
-cranial nerve VIII
-sensory (hearing, balance)
Auditory/ vestibulocochlear
-cranial nerve IX
-sensory (taste)
-motor (proprioception for swallowing, BP receptors, swallow, gag reflex, tear production)
-Parasympathetic fibers
--tongue; pharynx
Glossopharyngeal
-cranial nerve X
-Sensory (taste)
-Motor (chemoreceptors, pain receptors, sensation, taste, heart rate/stroke volume, peristalsis, air flow speech and swallowing
-Parasympathetic fibers
--thickest; below neck; cardio, respiratory, digestive
Vagus
-Cranial nerve XI
-Motor (head roatation)
--fail safe: back up sys.
Accessory
-cranial nerve XII
-motor (speech and swallowing)
--underneath tongue
Hypoglossal
Involve planter extension of the foot following a tap on archilles tendon
Achilles reflex
Contraction of anal sphicter/irritation of anal skin
Anal reflex
absence of reflexes
Areflexia
interruption of nerve roots in spinal canal
Rhizotomy
compression of brachial plexus resulting in pain to the arms, numbness of fingers and wasting of the muscles of the hand
thoratic outlet syndrome
benign tumor with auditory canal arising from the VIII crcanial (acustic) nerve
Acoustic neuroma
benign tumor of peripheral nerves due to abnormal proliferation or schwann cells AKA fibroneuroma
neurofibroma
neurofibromatosis characterized by developement changes of various body sys including the nervous sys. characterized by formation of neurofibromas over the entire body assosiated with patches of pigmentation
von recklinghausen's syndrome
tumor of peripheral nerve sheath (neurilemma AKA schwannome)
neurilemona
sarcomma derived from nervous tissue chiefly neuroblasts primarily affects young children usually arising in ANS
neuroblastoma
idiopathic polneuritis characterized by wide-spread patchy demylinetion of spinal nerve and nerve roots with some imflamatory chang symptoms... muscular weakness in legs to trunks, slow recovery
guillbin-barre syndrome
inflation of spinal nerves characterized by muscular weakness numbness, tingling, tenderness and pain caused by systemic chronic disorder such as diabetics alcoholism etc
peripheral neuritis
acute vial infection manifested along sensory root ganglia and caused by herpes simplex virus. Disease exibits vesticular eruptions along area of distribution of the sensory nerve.
shingles