Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/53

Click to flip

53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The War of 1812 had all of the following consequences in the United States EXCEPT

A) acquisition of new land
B) Native Americans' loss of Britain as an ally
C) the demise of the Federalist party
D) an increase in U.S. manufacturing
E) an increase in American nationalism
A) acquisition of new land
The Hartford Convention had longterm significance because it
A) The Hartford Convention had long term significance because it
B) presented a major challenge to Madison's domestic policies
C) forced repeal of the embargo Act of 1807
D) marked the end of the Federalists as a national party
E) organized national opposition to the War of 1812
D) marked the end of the Federalists as a national party
Which of the following statements accurately describes the Monroe Doctrine?
A)It caused an immediate change in the U.S. role in world affairs
B) It asserted the U.S. right to send troops into the countries of Latin America to provide political stability
C) It declared U.S. opposition to European intervention in the affairs of independent countries of the Western Hemisphere.
D)It was fully supported by the British gov't
E) It established the U.S. claim to being a world powerza
C) It declared U.S. opposition to European intervention in the affairs of independent countries of the Western Hemisphere.
Which of the following increased southern planters' reliance on slaves?

A)Missouri Compromise
B) invention of the steamboat
C)invention of the cotton gin
D) Lowell System
E) Lousiiana Purchase
C) invention of the cotton gin
The Erie Canal was significant because it
A) challenged railroads as the primary transportation system of the early 1800s
B) tied the manufacturing of the East to the farming in the west
C)was the first federally funded internal improvement
D) stimulated subsistence farming and manufacturing in the west
E) increased trade with Great Britain
B
A major effect of John Marshall's Supreme Court decisions was to
A) expand federal power and limit the states' power
B) expand the states' power and limit federal power
C) declare federal laws to be unconstitutional
D) protect and enlarge the jurisdiction of state courts
E) legitimize a strict interpretation of the U.S. constitution
A)
Henry Clay's idea of an American System included all of the following EXCEPT:
A) protective tariffs
B) internal improvements
C) state banks
D)increased trade between all sections of the country
E) Federal funds for a national transportation system
D)
Which of the following is a correct statement about the US at the beginning of the Era of Good Feelings?
A) Sectionalism had become the dominant force in the nation
B) There were no more divisions within the ranks of the Republican party
C) Federalists and Republicans united on an economic program of internal improvements and protective tariffs
D)Friendliness and cooperation with Britain replaced earlier policies of hostilitiy
E) Nationalism strongly influencedAmerican culture and policies
E)
Which pair of issues aroused the most controversy in 1819 and 1820?
A) internal improvements and Latin American independence
B) slavery in Missouri and Latin American independence
C) slavery in Missouri and a financial crisis
D) Monroe's prospects for reelection and a financial crisis
E) Monroe's prospects for reelection and the protective tariff
B
Which of the following best describes changes in the American economy in the 1820s?
A)improved transportation in the West, depressed conditions in the South
B) industrialization in the Northeast, diversified farming in the South
C) improved transportation in the west, industrialization in the North
D) cotton farming in the south, depressed conditions in the North
E)railroads in all sections providing the primary stimulus for econmic growth
E
In the first decades of the 19th century, the Industrial Revolution in the US was supported by developments in all of the following states EXCEPT:
A)the factory system
B) transportations
C) corporations
D) mechanical inventions
E) crafts unions
E)
Between 1806 and 1809, non-importation, non-intercourse, and embargo acts sought to?:

bring peace between France and Great Britain.

encourage domestic American manufacturing.

balance Southern and Northern economic power.

forced Great Britain to recognize American rights.

help Britain in the Napoleonic Wars.
forced Great Britain to recognize American rights.
The causes of the War of 1812 included all of the following EXCEPT?:

demand for respect of America's neutral rights.

land hunger in the West as well as a desire for Florida.

fear that Indian attacks were caused by the British.

strong sectional rivalries that could only be overcome by an external enemy.
strong sectional rivalries that could only be overcome by an external enemy.
One of the immediate results of the new transportation routes constructed during the "Canal Age" was?:

an increased white settlement in the Northwest.

the renewed cooperation between states and the national government on internal improvement projects.

the conviction that the national government should be responsible for all internal improvements.

an increased white settlement in the Southwest
an increased white settlement in the Northwest.
The issuance of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 was prompted by?:

the Russian annexation of Alaska.

President Monroe's hope of increasing his popularity with the American public.

the fear that France might intervene in Latin America to restore Spanish colonial rule.

continuing British intervention in Latin American affairs.
the fear that France might intervene in Latin America to restore Spanish colonial rule.
As a result of the "Corrupt Bargain"?:

Henry Clay's American System suffered a crushing defeat.

John Quincy Adams became president.

Congress approved the Monroe Doctrine.

the Bank of the United States was established.

textile workers rebelled over unpaid wages.
John Quincy Adams became president.
In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court declared that?:

Congress lacked the power to charter a national bank.

a state cannot tax an agency of the federal government.

the state of Maryland was superior to the United States.

a college had a right to a charter.
a state cannot tax an agency of the federal government.
The War Hawks were?:

mostly from New England.

eager for war against Napoleon in order to gain the Louisiana Territory.

supporters of Jefferson and Madison's policy of economic coercion.

Republicans from the West and South who wanted to take Canada from Britain and Florida from Spain.
Republicans from the West and South who wanted to take Canada from Britain and Florida from Spain.
In diplomatic and economic terms, the War of 1812?:

was a disaster for the United States.

could be considered the Second War for American Independence.

was considered a victory for Britain.

resulted in the fall of the British government that concluded the conflict.
could be considered the Second War for American Independence.
The resolutions from the Hartford Convention?:

helped to cause the death of the Federalist Party.

resulted in the resurgence of states' rights.

called for southern secession from the Union.

supported use of state militias against the British.
helped to cause the death of the Federalist Party.
In the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812?:

most American demands were satisfied.

the Americans made substantial concessions to the British.

the issues that had led to war were finally resolved.

nothing was settled beyond a restoration of the prewar status quo.

Britain agreed to end the impressment of American seamen
nothing was settled beyond a restoration of the prewar status quo.
The outcome of the election of 1824 between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson was decided by?:

the Electoral College.

a plurality of the popular vote.

the Senate.

the Supreme Court.

the House of Representatives.
the House of Representatives
Chief Justice John Marshall asserted that only Congress, not the states, possessed the power to control interstate commerce. The case was?:

Marbury v. Madison.

McCulloch v. Maryland.

Cohens v. Virginia.

Jones v. Clinton.

Gibbons v. Ogden.
Gibbons v. Ogden.
The congressional election of 1810 was important because it?:

greatly increased the size of the Republican party.

brought in a number of peace advocates.

added a number of young, western, anti-British representatives to the House.

gave rise to a new political party.
added a number of young, western, anti-British representatives to the House.
After the War of 1812, Henry Clay called for an "American System", by which he meant?:

a system of high tariffs to keep out European products.

a unique method of manufacturing that Europeans could not emulate.

a new way of winning wars.

internal improvements that would make the nation self-sufficient.
internal improvements that would make the nation self-sufficient.
In the Rush-Bagot Treaty, Great Britain and the United agreed?:

on a timetable for the withdrawal of British forces from the Oregon territory.

on the fishing rights of each in the Atlantic.

to the creation of an Indian buffer state in the Northwest.

to limit their naval forces on the Great Lakes.
to limit their naval forces on the Great Lakes.
Recent historians describe the "Era of Good Feelings" as?:

marked by deep divisions over economic and sectional issues.

free of ideological disputes.

characterized by multiparty harmony.

marked by little interference of the Supreme Court in political affairs.
free of ideological disputes.
The Panic of 1819 was the result of a speculative boom in the economy that ran for a number of years before the panic. All of the following were causes of that speculation EXCEPT?:

increasing world prices for American farm products.

a land boom.

easy credit from state wildcat banks.

tight credit from the Bank of the United States.
tight credit from the Bank of the United States.
The Missouri Compromise of 1820 did all of the following EXCEPT?:

bring in Maine as a free state.

prohibit slavery north of latitude 36o 30'.

maintain the balance of slave and free states.

bring in Missouri as a slave state.

establish the principle of popular sovereignty south of 36o 30'
establish the principle of popular sovereignty south of 36o 30'.
When the House of Representatives passed the Tallmadge Amendment in response to Missouri's request for admission to the Union, the South thought that the amendment?:

would threaten the sectional balance.

might keep alive the institution of slavery.

would slow the growth of the West.

would silence the abolitionists.
would threaten the sectional balance.
Henry Clay's idea to raise a protective tariff whose revenues would provide funds for roads and canals that would link the nation.
American System
This further decreased the friction between the U. S. and Britain when this agreement peaceably adjusted their boundaries along the Great Lakes.
Rush-Bagot Treaty
The negotiated sale of Spain's territories in eastern and western Florida to the U. S. for $5 million.
Adams-Onis treaty
This northern Federalist expression of frustration at no longer controlling the "Virginia dynasty", was a meeting in which legitimate worries about future embargoes, expansionism, declarations of war, etc., were expressed.
Hartford convention
This Anglo-American agreement restored territories to their original status before the War of 1812.
The Treaty of Ghent
The rise of the Industrial Revolution led to?:

a rise in the standard of living for the working class.

the development of the middle class.

great difficulty for the workers in adapting to the new way of life.

all of these choices are correct.
all of these choices are correct.
The most profound economic development by mid-19c America was the?

development of a national banking system.

creation of corporations.

rise of the factory.

decline of the small-town merchant and general store.
rise of the factory
The Erie Canal revolutionized domestic markets because it permitted the?:

shipment of wheat from Chicago to the Pacific Northwest.

transfer of goods from New York to New Orleans along inland waterways.

movement of cotton from the Deep South to New England.

transport of gold from California to the east coast.
transfer of goods from New York to New Orleans along inland waterways.
The following pairs match inventions with their inventors. Which pair is incorrectly matched?:

Samuel Slater -- standardized muskets.

Eli Whitney -- cotton gin.

James Watt -- steam engine.

Robert Fulton -- steamboat.
Samuel Slater -- standardized muskets.

he is the father of the American factory system
The situation of women and immigrants in the factory system was similar in that they both?:

were able to organize labor unions successfully.

were powerless to affect pay rates or working conditions.

saw conditions in their factories slowly improve.

found opportunities for rapid improvement.
were powerless to affect pay rates or working conditions.
By the first decade of the 19c, American manufacturing had been revolutionized by the advent of?:

labor unions.

transcontinental railroads.

mail-order catalogues.

the electric engine.

interchangeable machine parts.
interchangeable machine parts.
Which of the following supplied the largest number of immigrants to the United States during the first half of the 19c?:

England.

Africa.

Ireland.

the German states.

Holland.
Ireland
The direction of the population movement that took place between 1790 and 1840 was from?:

the North to the South.

the Old Northwest back to New England.

New England to California.

the Atlantic coast to the areas between the Appalachians and the Mississippi.

the South to the North.
the Atlantic coast to the areas between the Appalachians and the Mississippi.
In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that?:

slavery was unconstitutional in Massachusetts.

labor unions were not necessarily illegal combinations or monopolies.

Massachusetts tax money could not be used to support an unjust war against Mexico.

segregated schools for blacks in Massachusetts did not violate the U. S. Constitution
labor unions were not necessarily illegal combinations or monopolies.
What conflict in values emerged as America went through its market revolution?:

although Americans professed to believe in equality, the market revolution coupled with American materialistic pursuits led to great inequalities in wealth.

Americans had long enjoyed living in settled and stable communities, but transportation improvements led to much greater geographic mobility.

personal lifestyles prized by Northerners, who were more religious, differed from those of southerners, who were more materialistic--a distinction that national networks made obvious.

most farmers clung to Crevecoeur's ideal of a semi-subsistence way of life, despite the relentless reach of commercial networks.
although Americans professed to believe in equality, the market revolution coupled with American materialistic pursuits led to great inequalities in wealth.
The beginning of the American Industrial Revolution during the early 1800s resulted from all of the following developments EXCEPT?:

technological advanced imported from England.

the appearance of better transportation systems.

monetary assistance from the federal government to new factories.

new inventions such as the cotton gin.
monetary assistance from the federal government to new factories.
Marshall's decisions in Fletcher v. Peck and Dartmouth v. Woodward dealt with the?:

enforcement of federal law in the territories.

right of Indians to control their own lands.

sale of publicly held frontier lands.

protection of contracts from violation by state governments.
protection of contracts from violation by state governments.
The paternalistic factory system of Lowell and Waltham did not lost long because?:

workers resented being watched over so carefully.

in the highly competitive textile market, manufacturers were eager to cut labor costs.

unions undermined the owners' authority.

men found jobs in the factories, and they disliked the paternalistic system.
in the highly competitive textile market, manufacturers were eager to cut labor costs
During the 1820s and 1830s, the growth of business was assisted by all of the following developments EXCEPT the?:

creation of a stable state banking system.

specialization of stores.

improvement in the distribution of goods.

emergence of new general incorporation laws.
creation of a stable state banking system.
The Industrial Revolution had which of the following effects on slavery in the South?:

the creation of numerous labor-saving machines vastly reduced the need for slave labor.

rapid growth in the textile industry encouraged Southern planters to grow cotton, thereby making slavery more important to the economy.

the government bought and freed Southern slaves, then transported them to the North, where factories were experiencing a major labor shortage.

the Industrial Revolution began as the Civil War was ending and it provided work for many former slaves.

new farm machinery required slaves and masters to work more closely together, with a resulting reduction of mutual hostility
rapid growth in the textile industry encouraged Southern planters to grow cotton, thereby making slavery more important to the economy.
Which was the most important immediate cause of the rise of manufacturing in the United States?:

growth of the textile industry.

New England water power.

stoppages of trade by the embargoes and the War of 1812.

patriotic appeals and the growth of nationalism.
stoppages of trade by the embargoes and the War of 1812.
The "Lowell System" refers to which of the following?:

employment of young women who were then housed in dormitories.

chattel slavery.

worker's cooperatives.

an early American labor union.

a business organization with limited liability for its owners.
employment of young women who were then housed in dormitories.
0
Developments in transportation usually occurred in the following order?:

railroads --> flatboats --> canals --> turnpikes.

turnpikes --> canals --> flatboats --> steamboats.

turnpikes --> steamboats --> canals --> railroads.

canals --> turnpikes --> railroads --> steamboats.
turnpikes --> steamboats --> canals --> railroads.