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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
rounded structure that protrudes just bellow the midbrain
Medulla Oblongata
most inferior part of the brain stem. Controls heart rate, BP, breathing, swallowing
provides precise timing for skeletal muscle activity and controls BALANCE and equilibrium
Protection for the brain prox to distal
Pia mater, Subarachnoid space, Arachnoid, subdural space, Dural Matter, Dural sinus, Dura mater, Cranium
Multiple Sclerosis
Degeneration of Myelin Sheaths around fibers (protien), destroying. Loss of ability to control muscles, autoimmune dz.
Parkinsons dz
Basal nuclei prob, egeneration of dopamine releasing neurons, pill rolling tremors, forward bent, shuffling gait...
Huntingston Chorea
genetic, strikes mid age, massive degeneration of basal nuclei and cerebral cortex, chorea occurs, mental deterioration
provides a fairly clear x ray picture of the brain ventricles, dx's hydrocephalus, sm amt of air injected into vents..
Cerebral angiogram
to assess the condition of cerebral arteries serving the brain, die injected into artery to visualize by x ray
PET scans
High energy gamma rays to monitor brains activity
Lumbar puncture
to obtain CSF, Pt must remain in horizontal position for 6-12 hrs post proced. to prevent spinal HA
3 Cranial Nerves involved in taste
7 Facial
9 Glossopharyngeal
10 Vagus
Gustitory cells
specific cells that respond to chemicals disolved in saliva
Olfactory receptors
occupy postage stamp sized area in roof of each nasel cavity, stim by chem receptors
olfactory disorders