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22 Cards in this Set

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Drugs most commonly used to treat anxiety and insomnia?
Benzodiazepines
Contraindications for benzodiazepines?
severe respiratory disorders, severe liver or kidney disease, hypersensitivity reactions and a history of alcohol or drug abuse
Major clinical uses of benzodiazepines are?
As antianxiety, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant agents, also for preop sedation, and given with antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers and shot term rx for insomnia
This drug is the prototype, has more approved uses than other benzodiazepines?
diazepam (Valiun)
This benzodiazepine is used for anxiety, seizure disorders, acute alcohol w/drawal, muscle spasms and preop sedation and is given PO, parental and IV which must be pushed slow @ 5m(1ml)per minute?
diazepam (Valium)
This benzodiapine is given for anxiety & acute alcohol w/drawal?
chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
This benzodiapine is given for seizure and panic disorders?
clonazepam (Klonopin)
This benzodiapine is given for anxiety and seizure disorders?
clorazepate (Tranxene)
These benzodiapines are given for insomnia?
estazolam(ProSom)
flurazepam(Dalmane),
quazepam(Doral),
temazepa(Restoril),
triazolam(Halcoin)
This benzodiapine is given for anxiety and preop sedation and when given by Iv not to be pushed more than 2mg/min
lorazepam(Ativan)
Antidote for benzodiazepines?
flumazenil (Romazicon)
Drugs that are nonbenzodiazepines that are used as antianxiety agents?
buspirone (BuSpar)
clomipramine (Anafranil)
hydroxyine (Vistaril)
Drugs that are nonbenzodiazepines that are used as sedative-hypnotics?
chloral hydrate (Noctec)
dexmedetomidine (Precedex)
zaleplon (Sonata)
zolpidem (Ambien)
hydroxyine (Vistatil)
Nonbenzodiazepines whose only clinical use is short term rx of anxiety, it does not cause sedation, dependence, increase CNS depressant effects of alcohol and is not a controlled substance?
BuSpar
This nonbenzodiazepine is the oldest sedative-hypnotic , its an antihistamine w/ antiemetic (vomiting) properties used for preop sedation, anxiety, motion sickness, pruritis (itching)?
hydroxyzine (Vistaril)
This oral nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic is approved for short-term rx of insomnia, it has a rapid onset?
zaleplon(Sonata)
This hypnotic drug is a schedule IV drug also approved for short-term rx of insomnia?
zolpidem (Ambien)
Toxic effects of benzodiazepines?
excessive sweating, respiratory depression and coma
These drugs have a slower onset of action an are not recommended for acute symptoms of anxiety?
lorazepam
oxazepam
prazepam
These drugs are used when a rapid onset of drug action is desired?
alprazolam
clorazepate
diazepam
This drug hass been used extensively in children in all age groups older than 6 months?
diazepam
What is the drug of first choice in criticalli ill pts?
lorazepam (Ativan)