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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Van Gennep's 3 Stages of RItual
Separation
Liminality
Reaggregation
Martin
"Egg and Sperm"
Illuminates gender stereotypes hidden within scientific language of biology
Sex
The biological difference between males and females
Gender
The social meaning attributed to maleness and femaleness
Gender identity
language
ritual
mass media
science
Ju/wasi family structure
Nuclear family, husband wife and children
Trobriand family structure
matrilineal extended family, based on relationship between the brother and sister
Chinese family structure
patrilineal, extended family, focuses around the father and son
Ju/wasi family formation
parents arrange marriage
Trobriand family formation
young people court freely
parents must approve
Chinese family
parents arrange marriage
Ju/was role of wealth
unimportant
Trobriand role of wealth
important to maintain the social rank of the matriliniage
CHinese family role of wealth
need to pay brideprice, dowry
important to sustain patrilineal extended family
Ju/wasi threats to the family
infidelity
Trobriand threat to the family
death
chinese threat to family
no son
consanguine
through blood
Unilineal descent
Descent through one parent
Most common
Patrilineal
lineage traced through the father
Matrilineal
kinship traced through the mother
Bilineal
kinship from both parents
Polygamy
Multiple marriages
Polygyny
man marrying more than one wife
Polyandry
woman marrying more than one man
Exogamy
marrying outside a particular group
Endogamy
marrying within a group
Levirate
brother of a deceased man is obliged to marry the widow
Sororate
when a man is obliged to marry his deceased wife's sister
brideservice
groom working for bride's parents
bridewealth
form of payment offered to bride's family
dowry
inheritance to women in the form of movable property
cross cousins
people related through siblings of the opposite sex at the parental generation
parallel cousins
people related through siblings of the same sex at the parental generation
patrilocal
living with or near the grooms family
matrilocal
living with or near the brides family
avunculocal
near maternal uncle
neolocal
establishing an independent domestic unit away from parents
bilocal
choice between living near the groom or the brides family
family
people who consider themselves related by kinship
household
domestic group who may not be related by kinship
extended household
containing more than one adult couple
nuclear household
one adult couple with or without children
What is Abu Lughod arguing against
A holistic view of culture- emphasizes shared patterns at the expense of processes of change, conflict and contradictions
ethnographic present
writing about a society/community in the present tense
PROBLEMS WITH THE ETHNOGRAPHIC PRESENT
it ignores change
makes societies appear timeless
ignores history
Abu Lughods Goals
Write a different kind of ethnography
What does it mean to be a feminist
What does it mean to be a feminist ethnographer
Problems with generalizations
allows for the fixing of boundaries
language of power
produces effects of homogeneity
erases time and conflict
Problems with the Culture Concept
masks the fluidity of group boundaries
produces others
differences between other and self will always be hierarchic
Abu- Lughods solution
storytelling
storyis situated
challennges
Abu Lughods ACTUAL GOALS
to write an ethnography in a different voice
challenge dominant understandings about Muslim women
Callenge language of generalization and the ethnographic present
Structure
Social norms values institutions processes ideologies that regulate human behavior
Agency
culturakky constrained capacity to act
not free will
not always resistance
How doesAbu-Lughod historicize contextualize and encounter the ethnographic presnt
Impact of WW2 on Awlad Ali
Story telling as a meaningful rhetorical and social device
social commentary, indirect mode of address
Role of outsiders to the Bedouins
a source of trouble
a resource to compete over
Ethnocentric Fallacy \
the odea that our beliefs and behaviors are right and true and the beliefs and behaviors of othera are wrong and misguided
relativistic fallacy
it is impossible to make moral judgments on the beliefs and practices of others
Ethnography
immersion of investigatos in the lives of the people they are trying to understand, and through that experiencethe attainment of some level of understanding of the meaning people ascribe to their existence
Participant observation
the active participation of observers in the lives of their subjects