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14 Cards in this Set

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applied anthropologists
Specialists who use information gathered from the other anthropological
specialties to solve practical cross-cultural problems.
specialties to solve practical cross-cultural problems.
archaeology
A cultural anthropology of the human past involving the analysis of material remains left
behind by earlier human societies.
remains left
behind
linguistic anthropology
The specialty of anthropology concerned with the study of human languages.
human languages
language
The system of arbitrary vocal symbols we use to encode our experience of the world and of one
another.
arbitrary vocal
ethnography vs ethnology
An anthropologist’s written or filmed description of a particular culture. vs. The comparative study of two or more cultures.
informants
People in a particular culture who work with anthropologists and provide them with insights
about their way of life. Also called respondents, teachers, or friends.
cultural anthropology
The specialty of anthropology that shows how variation in the beliefs and
behaviors of members of different human groups is shaped by sets of learned behavior and ideas that
human beings acquire as members of society—that is, by culture.
paleoanthropology
The search for fossilized remains of humanity’s earliest ancestors.
biological anthropology (or physical anthropology)
The specialty of anthropology that looks at human
beings as biological organisms and tries to discover what characteristics make us different from other
organisms and what characteristics we share.
biocultural organisms
Organisms (in this case, human beings) whose defining features are codetermined
by biological and cultural factors.
evolutionary
A characteristic of the anthropological perspective that requires anthropologists to place
their observations about human nature, human society, or the human past in a temporal framework
that takes into consideration change over time.
comparative
A characteristic of the anthropological perspective that requires anthropologists to consider
similarities and differences in as wide a range of human societies as possible before generalizing
about human nature, human society, or the human past.
holism
A characteristic of the anthropological perspective that describes how anthropology tries to
integrate all that is known about human beings and their activities at the highest and most inclusive
level.
anthropology
The study of human nature, human society, and the human past.