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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Encompassing pictures of reality created by the members of societies.
A form of thought and language that asserts a meaningful link between two expressions from
different semantic domains.
metaphorical subject
The first part of a metaphor, which indicates the domain of experience that needs
to be clarified.
metaphorical predicate
The second part of a metaphor, which suggests a familiar domain of experience
that may clarify the metaphorical subject.
metaphorical entailments
All the attributes of a metaphorical predicate that relate it to the culturally
defined domain of experience to which it belongs.
The culturally defined relationship of the parts of a semantic domain to the domain as a whole
and of the whole to its parts.
Something that stands for something else. A symbol signals the presence of an important domain
of experience.
key metaphors
Metaphors that serve as the foundation of a worldview.
societal metaphor
A worldview metaphor whose model for the world is the social order.
organic metaphor
A worldview metaphor that applies the image of the body to social structures and
technological metaphor
A worldview metaphor that employs objects made by human beings as
metaphorical predicates.
computer metaphor
A worldview metaphor that employs computers as metaphorical predicates.
“ideas and practices that postulate reality beyond that which is immediately available to the
A part-time religious practitioner who is believed to have the power to travel to or contact
supernatural forces directly on behalf of individuals or groups.
A religious practitioner skilled in the practice of religious rituals, which he or she carries out for
the benefit of the group.
The performance of evil by human beings believed to possess an innate, nonhuman power to
do evil, whether or not it is intentional or self-aware.
A set of beliefs and practices designed to control the visible or invisible world for specific
Invisible forces to which people address questions and whose responses they believe to be
The synthesis of old religious practices (or an old way of life) with new religious practices (or
a new way of life) introduced from outside, often by force.
A conscious, deliberate, and organized attempt by some members of a society to create a
more satisfying culture in a time of crisis.
The separation of religion and state, including a notion of secular citizenship that owes much
to the notion of individual agency developed in Protestant theology.